Some use it to inject into their lips or under wrinkles, others apply it to their face or swallow it as an ampoule treatment: we are talking about hyaluronic acid. Tikbow explains what this supposed beauty miracle product can really do.
A firm face and still be able to frown? After years of Botox treatment, the number one wrinkle killer, this is only possible to a limited extent. That is why the cosmetics industry is now increasingly relying on hyaluron. The "miracle"acid" is not only supposed to make skin smoother, it can also do a bit more…
What is hyaluronic acid?
Hyaluronsäure, also simply called hyaluron, is actually a body-own fluid. The Munich dermatologist Dr. Miriam Rehbein explains: "Hyaluronic acid is a main component of the human connective tissue. It has the property of being able to bind large amounts of water, which is why it is crucial for the moisture content of our skin. With age, however, the production of the body’s own hyaluronic acid decreases, and the skin loses its firmness and wrinkles become more visible. If you want to help out here, you can use hyaluron from the laboratory: The substance is either extracted from cock’s milk or produced biotechnically as an extract from streptococcus cultures.
What effect does hyaluron have?
Due to its water-binding properties, hyaluron plumps up the cells, as Dr. Rehbein confirms. "Especially in the connective tissue, visual results are seen after treatment with hyaluronsäure. The skin on the face, for example, looks plumper, and smaller wrinkles are smoothed out by the plumping effect, says the dermatologist. Similar to the body’s own hyaluronic acid, the artificial version is also broken down by the body after some time: "Depending on the body site and the amount of hyaluron, this can take six to 18 months", says the expert.
Areas of application of hyaluronic acid
The fact that hyaluron counteracts the signs of skin aging is no longer a secret, even Hollywood stars swear by the immediate effect of injected hyaluron. But creams and oral capsules can also help to boost the body’s own hyaluron production.
Hyaluron in creams
Hyaluron is an integral part of eye creams, because the fine lines around the eyes are often caused by a lack of moisture. The addition of hyaluron binds more water to the affected area, resulting in firmer skin. Serums or masks also provide an immediate effect and are available in drugstores for relatively little money. There are no differences in quality, but the concentration in over-the-counter products is significantly lower than in a hyaluronic injection. Dr. Rehbein also explains that the hylaluron contained in creams cannot really penetrate the skin because the molecule is too large for the pores. Although hyaluronic creams do have a plumping effect on the skin, it tends to be short-lived,” resumes the specialist.
Hyaluron as a nutritional supplement
Hyaluronic acid is also offered as a capsule to swallow, but the effect is more holistic: Not only the skin and connective tissue are supplied with the substance, but also the joints. According to the manufacturers, the preparation of around 200 to 500 mg per day should be taken for at least three months before the first results in the appearance of the skin can be seen. Dr. Rehbein, on the other hand, is rather skeptical about the effectiveness of the dietary supplement: “Since hyaluron is a polysaccharide (multiple sugar), hyaluronic acid is metabolized and broken down by the body in the same way as a sugar molecule.
Have hyaluronsäure injected
The gel-like texture of hyaluron is ideal for sculpting the skin. Injecting lips is particularly popular – depending on requirements, between 0.5 and 2 milliliters of hyaluronicäure are used to enlarge the lips. The nasolabial fold and wrinkles around the eyes can also be injected to look less deep, as Dr. Rehbein explains. Unlike creams, injections use pure hyaluronic acid, so the effect is not only immediately visible, but also more long-lasting. A treatment with Hyaluronsäure costs – depending upon used quantity – starting from 300 euro, as the Fachärztin explains.
Possible side effects of hyaluronic acid injections
Since a hyaluron injection is an invasive procedure, side effects can theoretically always occur. It is possible that bruises or slight swelling may occur, but these will quickly disappear. An allergic reaction cannot be ruled out either, although according to the dermatologist it only rarely occurs. In any case, it is important that the treatment is carried out by an experienced and reputable cosmetic surgeon, who will assess and explain the risks in advance.
With expert advice from dermatologist Dr. Miriam Rehbein (https://www.dermatologie-am-friedensengel.de/dr-miriam-rehbein/)