Scars develop quickly, but often remain visible forever. While many sufferers grow fond of them as life memories and accept them as an important part of their body, there are people who are bothered by them and would like to conceal them or even get rid of them altogether. Tikbow asked an expert about scar care and treatment.
Treat scars – an Üoverview
Fact is: Scars are part of the natural wound healing process. They occur when deeper layers of the skin are injured and new connective tissue develops as a result, which differs from the rest of our skin in purely äerlich terms. How noticeable the scars still are after healing is complete depends above all on one’s own predisposition and the location of the injury.
What types of scars are there?
Depending on the injury, different scars are formed, which differ not only in appearance, but also in the way they are treated. The most common are flat, white scars caused by minor injuries. Deeper injuries often leave red and raised scars, which many people find disturbing, as do sunken acne scars on the face or clearly visible, proliferating scars.
How to treat scars?
This much in advance: Daily care can make scars less visible over time, but they will never disappear completely. After an injury, the wound first needs time to close completely to prevent infection. Only after about two weeks can light massage of the surrounding tissue be started to promote blood circulation and break up the collagen fibers that have formed. "The result is softer tissue and a flatter, less noticeable scar", explains Dr. Timm Golüke, a dermatology specialist from Munich. But never pull the scar apart, just gently massage around it, he advises.
Special scar creams and gels from the pharmacy can help keep the scar soft and supple. Cream treatment also makes sense for äolder scars in order to make them fade further. The right cream and regular application are important. Wound ointments with ingredients such as dexpanthenol, heparin, allantoin or even onion extract relieve itching, have an anti-inflammatory effect and at the same time soothe the scar tissue.
Tips for scar care
Sun protection: Scar tissue cannot produce melanin and is therefore more susceptible to sun damage. Therefore, protect the scar from direct sunlight for at least three months and always apply a sunscreen.
Avoid tight clothing: Scar tissue is particularly sensitive and easily irritated, especially with fresh scars. Make sure that clothing does not rub against or penetrate the scar.
Moderate exercise: Refrain from too much exercise for at least four weeks. Excessive exercise puts a lot of stress on the tissue, which is why the scar can spread like a bulge or even break open again.
Keep dry: In the case of minor injuries, it is essential to let the scars dry in the air and not to put a plaster on the fresh scar tissue,” advises Dr. Goluuml;ke.
Home remedies that help with scars
Aloe Vera: The gel not only helps with burns, but also relieves tightness and itching. Simply apply and massage in gently.
Honey: This natural miracle cure is a real all-rounder and moisturizes even stressed scar tissue. Leave the applied honey on for about an hour and repeat the whole process every day.
Lemon acid or apple cider vinegar: The acid contained helps to slightly lighten dark scars. In addition, citric acid stimulates cell renewal and scars heal faster.
Öl: Whether coconut or argan – massage with Öl is primarily about stimulating blood circulation and thus keeping the tissue soft, Dr. Golüke also confirms.
What can the doctor do?
If the scar has healed completely and is perceived as irritating despite proper care, a visit to the dermatologist will help. Depending on the nature of the scar, the dermatologist will decide on the right treatment. It doesn’t matter how old the scar is," says Dr. Golüke, "the appearance of the skin can always be improved." With laser treatment or abrasion – the so-called dermabrasion – scars are smoothed, which makes the skin appear more even.
Sunken scars can be plumped up with injections of hyaluronic acid, collagen or the patient’s own fat, while raised scars can be treated specifically with cryotherapy. In the case of particularly large scars, such as those that can occur after burns, skin transplantation or surgery is often the only option.