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How dangerous are spider veins and can they be removed?

Spider veins are small veins that show through in a bluish color and appear as a net-like pattern on the legs. Although the small varicose veins are completely harmless, many women consider them a blemish. Tikbow explains what causes spider veins, how they can be removed and how they can be prevented.

Spider veins form because blood is pumped through the veins at high pressure. If the surrounding tissue is not strong enough to keep the walls of the veins stable, the vessels dilate. More blood now collects in the dilated veins, which is why they show up under the skin as fine, bluish shimmering lines. In contrast to "real" varicose veins, which develop from larger, deeper-lying vessels, the annoying spider veins are harmless to health: they are simply too small to cause dangerous blood congestion.

Causes of spider veins

Although spider veins can occur together with other venous disorders, they are often seen in isolated cases in both young and old people. Whether someone is prone to dilated veins depends on various factors: genetic predisposition, previous illnesses, individual lifestyle. Overall, women are more frequently affected than men, as their connective tissue is generally less firm. With increasing age, the connective tissue slackens even more, so that spider veins are likely to appear more frequently from the age of 50 at the latest, even with a healthy lifestyle and plenty of exercise. Excessive alcohol and nicotine consumption, as well as obesity and hormonal changes can also lead to spider veins.

Removing spider veins with sedation

Spider veins can be treated, dermatologists offer treatment by injecting certain chemicals or by laser therapy: In this procedure, rays are directed at the dilated veins, irreversibly damaging the vessels and eventually causing them to be broken down by the body. In a few weeks, the areas are healed and the spider veins are no longer visible. Depending on the extent of the area to be treated, the procedure costs from 60 euros, and usually only one session is necessary. However, the removal of spider veins is a purely cosmetic procedure, which is why you should check in advance with your health insurance company whether any costs incurred for the therapy will be covered. An additional catch: there is no ultimate guarantee of success. Especially in the case of very fine spider veins, there is a risk that the üderchen are not hit and remain visible after treatment.

Remove spider veins
A cosmetic procedure using a laser can reduce the appearance of the translucent veins.Photo: iStock/mkrberlin

Strengthen connective tissue

The small varicose veins can not only be removed medically, but can also be treated gradually with some home remedies. For example, massages and alternating showers are a good therapy that can be applied at home. Massages of the legs, for example in the shower with a brush, stimulate blood circulation and thus strengthen the connective tissue. A similar effect is achieved by alternating hot and cold showers. This causes the tissues to alternate between stretching and widening, thus increasing elasticity.

Home remedies for spider veins

Like a massage, apple cider vinegar promotes blood circulation and strengthens the connective tissue of the legs. Small varicose veins can be removed gently at home. To do this, apply the apple cider vinegar to a cotton pad and dab it on the visible veins. Repeat the procedure three times a day for about four weeks.

Easily conceal spider veins on the legs

Since spider veins are still quite pale, especially in the initial phase, they can be concealed in everyday life with a few simple tips: Even under fine pantyhose, the translucent veins are usually no longer visible. On hot days, they effectively disappear under a thin layer of self-bronzer or make-up. In any case, legroom helps to combat the appearance of the veins: With a light summer tan, the delicate vein network becomes invisible to a certain extent.

Preventing spider veins with sport and exercise

The biggest risk factor for vein problems is lack of exercise. Anyone who has to sit or stand a lot in their everyday working life should integrate regular breaks for exercise into their work routine and ideally put their legs up now and then and after work. This relieves the veins and less pressure is needed to pump blood from the legs to the heart. Also choose additional clothing or compression stockings if you sit or stand a lot. Pants or stockings that are too tight can cut into your legs and cause blood to pool, which in turn puts unnecessary strain on the surrounding tissue.