Summer is back and with it the danger of sunburn. Because if you don’t put on enough sunscreen, you risk reddened skin that hurts – but what can help relieve the pain in a hurry? Tikbow has the best SOS tips for your skin.
How does sunburn develop?
Sunburn occurs when UV radiation hits the skin and damages it. This sends out messenger substances that can cause inflammation. Depending on their severity, these inflammations manifest themselves with pain, swelling and blisters. In severe cases, fever, headache or collapse may also occur. Sunburn appears after about six to eight hours. After 24 hours, the symptoms are at their worst. After about two days, wound healing begins and the skin peels. The risk of skin cancer also increases with each sunburn. Therefore, it is essential to avoid sunburns and to use suitable sun protection. If it is too late for that, these 7 SOS tips will help to ease the pain of sunburn.
7 SOS tips for sunburn
Cope with sunburn
Cold soothes the pain and inhibits inflammation. However, ice or a cool pack from the freezer is too frosty and additionally damages the skin. Better: take a cold shower or apply cold compresses. This removes the heat from the skin. Curd cheese and yogurt from the refrigerator also have a refreshing effect and moisturize the skin. They can either be applied directly to the skin or you can soak a tea towel in buttermilk, milk or yogurt and apply it to the sunburn for ten to 20 minutes.
Skin care for sunburn
Skin is in desperate need of moisture right now. Delicate after-sun lotions or a cooling foam spray with additives such as panthenol, witch hazel or thermal water soothe the skin and ease the discomfort. Some people swear by the soothing effect of the aloe vera plant: in the event of a sunburn, simply cut off one of the fleshy leaves and rub the gel that emerges directly onto the burn. The ingredients contained in the gel not only have a cooling effect, but are also said to promote wound healing.
Under no circumstances should greasy öoils or creams be used for treatment, as these form a film on the skin that can limit healing. They irritate the burned skin even more and can lead to heat accumulation. In addition, care should be taken to ensure that products contain as few fragrances and preservatives as possible and no emulsifiers, in order to avoid further irritation or allergic reactions. Small amounts of alcohol in after-sun products may soothe sunburn in the short term, but they also dehydrate the skin.
The skin loses a lot of fluid during a sunburn, and the circulation is put under a lot of strain. Therefore, it is essential to drink enough, especially water, to minimize symptoms such as dizziness or circulatory problems.
If the burn causes severe pain, aspririn is a quick remedy. Acetylsalicylic acid has an anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effect. However, this only helps against the symptoms, because the drug does not cure the sunburn, nor does it alleviate the damage caused by the sunburn.
Consult a doctor in case of severe sunburn
In case of a second or third degree sunburn, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. The severity of the burn can be recognized by a very pronounced redness, very painful skin and the formation of blisters. Do not open blisters yourself, as there is a high risk of infection. Symptoms such as fever and severe headaches can be a sign of heat stroke or sunstroke, so it is best to consult a doctor.
Avoid the sun
As soon as you notice that the sunscreen has not been enough, you should get out of the sun immediately and stay in the shade. Usually, sunburn will have subsided after a week. Even during this time, you should avoid the sun and protect yourself with proper clothing (such as a sun hat, long-sleeved T-shirt) and a high sun protection factor. The blazing midday sun should always be avoided anyway – whether with or without Rötungen.
Treat in moderation with home remedies
Home remedies always seem to be a good alternative to products from the pharmacy or drugstore for many people. But here, too, caution is advised. Home remedies, such as lemon or vinegar, irritate the already damaged skin and can make the discomfort of sunburn even worse. Rather, rely on cooling compresses with cold water or after-sun products, which can accelerate wound healing.
Of course, it is better to avoid sunburn in the first place than to treat it. The only thing that helps here is adequate sun protection and proper application of sunscreen. In general, avoid the midday sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. and apply sunscreen to your face and body every day from March to October.