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How full can the washing drum actually be?

Towels must be boiled and the finished laundry must be taken out of the drum immediately – what is really true about the myths that surround the topic of “washing machines”? Tikbow clears up!

1. bacteria die only at 90 degrees

Hand towels must be washed at 90 degrees Celsius to really kill all bacteria. Or so we thought. Because according to cleaning expert Roxanna Pelka from the online portal Helpling, that makes sense at most when contagious diseases such as flu or gastrointestinal viruses have been circulating in the house. For common household germs, 60 degrees is quite sufficient, and it is also far more environmentally friendly. To be on the safe side, the expert recommends putting a capful of disinfecting sanitizer in the softener compartment.

Woman washing clothes
It doesn’t always have to be boiling water, moderate temperatures are usually sufficient. 2.Photo: Getty Images

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2. damp linen must be changed immediately

Finished laundry must not be left in the drum under any circumstances, otherwise it will develop unpleasant odors? That’s only partly true! According to Pelka, you can leave the damp clothes in the washing machine for a while, "only after more than 24 hours could your clothes start to smell musty." But that is also the upper limit, from this point on the laundry could start to mold.

3. 30-degree wash can also handle 40 degrees.

To make the wash cycle really worthwhile, we sometimes put 30- and 40-degree laundry together in the drum – a seemingly negligible difference that can, however, pay off: Fabrics such as wool and silk can shrink at temperatures above 30 degrees. So be sure to take the information on the laundry label seriously!

4. the washing drum must be full

"Load the drum only so full that you can easily touch the wall with your hand", advises the "Helpling"-expert. This way, you can be sure that the drum is not overfilled. Otherwise, the water would not have enough space to properly rinse the contents, and the detergent could get stuck in the fibers and leave stains on the clothes.

5. be sure to use lime tabs regularly

So that the washing machine remains functional for a long time, it must be decalcified regularly. This can be done not only with special tabs from the drugstore, but also with an old household remedy: vinegar. "Simply put a cap à 20 milliliters of vinegar essence directly into the drum and let the machine run through at 60 degrees", advises Roxanna Pelka. It is important not to let the machine run empty. "Just put in a few towels that you wanted to wash anyway." The smell of vinegar fades after the wash, the expert assures.

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6. washing is not possible without fabric softener

Fabric softener contains harmful substances that cannot be broken down naturally and end up in the groundwater. Therefore, please refrain from chemical agents and resort to home remedies – here, too, vinegar is the natural, environmentally friendly alternative.

7. one detergent is suitable for all cases.

Whether for shirts, bras, bed linen or jeans – most people use ONE detergent for all their laundry. Yet different textiles have different care needs. According to Pelka, a heavy-duty detergent is ideal for white blouses, towels and bed linen, as the bleach it contains brightens the laundry. For colored fabrics, the expert recommends mild or color detergents, which are gentler on the fibers and protect the color.

Woman washing clothes
Undershirts have different care needs than jeans or towels. 7.Photo: Getty Images

8. the washing machine cleans itself

Detergent residues and the constant moisture in the washing drum provide a pleasant habitat for germs. Pelka therefore advises running a 60-degree program – at least once a month, for example with towels –. "The hot water in the pipes kills bacteria."

9. socks can NOT disappear in the washing machine.

They can! If individual socks get caught in the lint filter, for example, they can easily be fished out again. But once they have entered the washing machine through openings in the drum, there is no way back.

Display: These wash bags are the perfect solution to losing your beloved socks – ideal for any laundry size and machine!