Skip to content

What to plant in September: flowers, vegetables, shrubs, trees and herbs that you can grow in the fall!

Are you looking for inspiration on what to plant in September? Now that we’re enjoying the last warm days of late summer and the main growing season is starting to wind down, it’s the perfect time to set plants in the garden for the seasons ahead. Whether you want to incorporate trees and shrubs into your garden ideas, beautify spring and summer flower beds, or grow short-lived vegetable and winter crops, there’s plenty to do. What do you plant in September? Read on to find out!

What to plant in September – flowers for spring color

What to plant in September - beautiful flowers for spring color

What can you plant in September? There are many hardy annuals to choose from. If you sow seeds in the fall, you will often get hardier plants that have a little head start and will bloom earlier next spring.

Marigolds are suitable for planting in the fall.

Marigolds are perfect for planting in September

Hardy annual marigolds, or calendula, are a cheerful splash of color in beds and borders, and their deep orange petals can also be used raw in salads. Sow calendula seeds in September where you want them to bloom. Amend the soil with well-rotted compost first, or use a peat-free multipurpose compost if planting in pots. If sowing in the fall, they should bloom in May.

Plant daffodils in the fall

What to plant in September - daffodils do well

Daffodils, the harbingers of spring, fill beds and borders with their gently nodding yellow or white flower heads or can be planted in lawns and meadows. With countless varieties available, you’ll be spoiled for choice when deciding what to plant in September. You’ll need to plant the bulbs deep so that they grow strong stems, but also so that the bulbs don’t get damaged when you plant new plants next year.

The best winter flowers – pansies.

Winter pansies can breathe new life into your fall garden


Winter pansies can breathe new life into your fall garden and brighten up garden beds and containers during the colder and darker months with their pretty blooms, which come in a variety of colorful combinations. They require minimal care to have a very long blooming season. Start planting in September so their roots have enough time to survive the winter.

What vegetables to plant in September

There are many vegetables that can be planted in the fall

September is a bountiful harvest month, so it can be difficult to think about future crops. However, there are many vegetables that can be planted in the fall. Take this opportunity to plant vegetables that will provide a winter crop and an earlier spring and summer harvest, and that are suitable for small vegetable gardens.

Sow spring onions

Sowing spring onions now is a wonderful way to start the spring harvest


Sowing spring onions now is a wonderful way to start your spring harvest. You can sow in a seed tray, and later transplant the seedlings to their final location when they are large enough to handle . If you have a shady garden, spring onions are also one of the vegetables that grow easiest in the shade.

Grow garlic in the fall

Garlic is such a versatile vegetable, used as an ingredient in so many dishes

Garlic is such a versatile vegetable, used as an ingredient in so many dishes, that it is worth growing. Growing garlic takes some time, as it requires a long growing season to thrive. After sowing seeds in the fall, it takes about 10 months to harvest your homegrown garlic bulbs and replenish your supply of this important kitchen ingredient.

Planting shallots

Shallots have a long growing season, so plant these seeds now

Shallots have a long growing season, so plant these seeds now to ensure a summer harvest. Space them 20 inches apart and 30 inches between rows. Cover the bulbs with fleece or netting to protect them from birds.

Grow spinach in a raised bed

Plant hardy spinach varieties in the fall that are tasty, nutritious and easy to grow

Plant hardy spinach varieties that are tasty, nutritious and easy to grow in the fall for a winter crop. This versatile vegetable is great for adding to warming curries, pies or stews. The key to growing spinach successfully is enriching the soil by incorporating high-quality garden compost. You can harvest spinach leaves within 6 to 10 weeks. Spinach is also good for growing in containers.

What to plant in September – radishes.

What to plant in September - radishes.

Radishes grown in the fall can be bigger and better, as they do not fail as quickly as their cousins grown in the spring. It is important that they have a sunny location in moist, well-drained soil – as long as these conditions are present, they will cope with most soil types. September is an ideal month for sowing radishes. They grow quickly, so radish seeds should be sown sparingly but frequently to ensure a continuous harvest in the fall and winter.

Grow beets in a vegetable patch

If you plant beets early in the month, you still have time to sow them for a fall or winter crop

If you grow beets early in the month, you still have time to sow them for a fall or winter crop. This fast-growing crop is best sown little and often. Plant them in cool, moisture-retentive soil in a sunny location or in large containers to harvest as baby vegetables – wonderful for roasting or salads.

What shrubs and trees to plant in September.

What shrubs and trees to plant in September.

Early fall is nature’s planting season – so when deciding what to plant in the fall, opt for evergreen trees and shrubs. Trees and shrubs planted at this time require little maintenance, as the roots will grow well while the soil is still warm and moist.

Cotinus- Smoke bush

Cotinus varieties offer a wide range of leaf colors, ranging from green to purple

Cotinus varieties offer a wide range of foliage colors, ranging from green to purple, with beautiful fiery yellows to deep scarlet in the fall. Cotinus is also called a smoke bush because of its pale pink summer flowers, which resemble clouds of smoke. It can grow quite large, but can be limited in size by pruning.

What can you plant in the garden in September – hydrangeas.

What to plant in September - hydrangeas

Hydrangeas are a beautiful color choice throughout the summer and into the fall and thrive best in partial shade. Plant hydrangeas in swaths of mixed hues or repeated varieties to enhance the effect. As their name suggests, hydrangeas love moisture. So give new plants a mulch layer of foliage to keep moisture in the soil.

Japanese maple

Varieties of Acer palmatum or Japanese maple trees offer wonderful color choices in the Herbs

Varieties of Acer palmatum, or Japanese maple trees, offer a wonderful fall color selection, and the trees have a variety of shapes. They are among the trees with the best fall color. For a Japanese garden, plant the maple plants in September in a sheltered, lightly shaded area.

Planting herbs and salads in autumn

You can plant certain herbs and lettuces in September

At this time of year, the warm soil, cooler weather and moisture in the soil help herb and salad plants establish quickly. There are some herbs that do better in the fall as part of your herb garden than they do in the spring, because they don’t die as easily in less warm weather. This means that September is a good time to plant certain herbs.

How to grow cilantro

Cilantro can be sown directly into the soil in the fall

Growing cilantro is easy: it can be sown directly into the soil in the fall. Choose a place near the kitchen so that you can regularly harvest the leaves of this popular herb and use them in many dishes. It is best to sow the seeds little and often.

Grow arugula in the fall

Spicy and peppery arugula leaves are a good choice for planting in September

Although we usually associate them with summer dishes, do not disregard salad leaves when considering what to plant in the kitchen garden in September. Spicy and peppery arugula leaves are a good choice.  Sow a small amount of seed every few weeks in a sunny, weed-free bed with well-drained soil so you can harvest gradually. About 4 weeks after sowing, the leaves can be harvested.

Lettuce can be planted in the fall.

Lettuce can be planted in the fall

If you sow lettuce every few weeks in September and October, you should be able to enjoy fresh leaves until spring. Growing winter lettuce is no different than growing lettuce in the spring and summer. In fact, the germination and growth rates of lettuce are better when planted in September.