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Pruning berry bushes: Useful gardening tips for 9 berry varieties

Most berry bushes need pruning , so that they remain healthy and give good yields. In the article we have summarized several brief instructions on the subject. Learn how to prune the various berry bushes and what to consider.

1. this is why you need to prune your berry bushes.

How to cut berry bushes raspberries and blackberries

Most berry bushes need pruning at least once a year. It promotes growth and fruiting. The youngest shoots usually bear the sweetest and largest fruits. Therefore, mainly the old, the diseased and the dead branches are removed, and the rest is only shortened.

For most types of berries, pruning is done at the end of summer after the harvest season. However, there are exceptions where pruning is possible or necessary even in the cold season (February – March).

2. how to prune the different berry bushes

When to cut berry bushes useful gardening tips

With the right pruning technique, pruning succeeds even an inexperienced amateur gardener. Most types of berries can be pruned without much trouble if you follow a few basic rules.

2.1 Pruning raspberries

Berry bushes cutting raspberries in summer and autumn

Raspberries are divided into summer-bearing and autumn-bearing shrubs. The first ripen in July, the second – in August. There are also varieties that produce fruit throughout the summer. The last are cut only in the spring.

Summer raspberries form fruit only on the shoots from the last year. Pruning is carried out in July – August. Only the old woody shoots, which have already borne fruit, are removed. They can be easily identified by their brownish color.

In contrast, the autumn varieties can also fruit on the new shoots. Therefore, they are cut back close to the ground after the harvest season in late summer.

The two raspberry varieties need a second nurturing pruning in spring, when the fresh canes are thinned out.

2.2 Pruning gooseberries

Berry bushes like gooseberries cut when and how

A young gooseberry bush needs only one educational pruning in spring at the beginning. This involves leaving only the 5 strongest canes and cutting off all the others at ground level.

From the fourth year, you can give the plant a pruning. The right time for this is in late summer. Stick to the rule of thumb: cut off old wood, keep new wood. The annual and biennial side shoots bear the largest and sweetest fruit – so these should definitely not be removed. A healthy gooseberry bush also has between 5 and 7 main shoots. Renew the main shoots every 4 years by cutting off the old ones and growing new main shoots in their place. The other canes should be cut back to ground level.

2.3 Pruning blackcurrants

Cutting black currants How and when

In the first year, all plant shoots except the strongest four canes are cut off close to the ground. They are shortened to 25 cm.

The next year, after you have harvested the black currants in late summer, you can give them a maintenance pruning. In this case, only diseased and old branches are removed. Pruning is done in the spring. Cut all shoots that are four years old or older at ground level. You can thin the young shoots as needed.

2.4 Pruning jostaberries

When and how to cut jostaberry berry bushes overview

Unlike the other berry varieties, jostaberries do not need annual pruning and can only handle maintenance pruning. This involves thinning out the shoots somewhat in July, after the end of the harvest season.

2.5 Pruning blackberries

How to cut blackberries as berry bushes in the spring

Since blackberries bear fruit until September, there is no time for pruning in the fall. To avoid frost damage, it is best to prune blackberries in late February – early March. It is enough if you slightly thin out the shoots of the weakly growing varieties. Strong-growing varieties require educational pruning, in which all fruiting side shoots from the previous year are severely cut back.

2.6 Pruning goji berries

How to cut berry bushes care tips for goji berries

Goji berries are usually pruned back in the fall. If you missed the right time for a nursery pruning, then you can also prune the shrub in spring. To do this, proceed as follows:

In the first year, shorten all the shoots of the young plant to 25 cm. In the second year, leave only the five strongest shoots. However, shorten them to 50 cm in height. From the third year onwards, a training pruning is possible. Remove all diseased, old and too long branches. After the fourth year, cut off the five main shoots and let two new shoots grow in their place.

2.7 Pruning chokeberry

Chokeberry bush cutting necessary or not

A chokeberry bush does not need regular pruning. Regularly check the plant for diseases and pests and cut out only the crossing shoots.

2.8. pruning cranberries

Large fruited cranberry proper pruning garden tips

Large-fruited cranberry, still known as cranberry, is a vigorous growing plant. Therefore, it needs educational pruning every two – three years. When doing this, remove the old, diseased, and overstory shoots. In addition to this, you can thin out the plant if necessary.

2.9 Pruning black elderberry

Berry bushes like black elderberry pruning ideas

Black elderberry needs regular pruning. Simply cut off all but eleven new shoots.

Almost all berry bushes need maintenance pruning. When this is done and which shoots need to be removed is species specific.