How to plant your raised bed for the fall and what vegetables are best to grow for the coming fall / winter season? In this article we will show you how to plant and care for the autumn / winter vegetables. We also explain how to fill your raised bed in layers and which plants do well!
Table of Contents
Cabbage vegetables in raised beds: broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts
If you plant cabbage vegetables late in the fall, the heads will most likely come up in early winter. That’s because these cabbages are not ordinary leafy spinach. It takes time for the heads to grow. We advise planting now to see results 7 to 8 weeks later.
Planting : Direct seeding works well for broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts because the soil of the raised bed provides a slightly warmer environment for the seeds to germinate. Simply plant the seeds (for broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cabbage) directly into the soil at a depth equal to three times the diameter of the seed.
Spacing : For broccoli, plant the seeds 35 to 50 inches apart.
For cabbage, plant the seeds 50 to 75 cm apart.
Brussels sprouts : Plant the seeds at a distance of 45 to 60 cm.
Sun and soil : Plant in an open, sunny spot that is well composted and well-drained. Brussels sprouts like slightly alkaline soil. If your potting soil is more than a year old, add a handful of lime to keep acidity in check.
Compatible plants : dwarf beans (bush beans), beets, celery, cucumbers, onions, marigolds, nasturtiums, rhubarb, herbs (sage, dill, chamomile).
Incompatible plants : pole beans, tomatoes, eggplant, strawberries, mustard or climbing beans.
Sow leafy vegetables in autumn: chard and spinach.
These two are great for reliable greens in the cooler months.
Planting : Direct seeding can be done by placing the seeds in the soil three times the diameter of the seed.
Spacing : Both spinach and chard seeds can be sown 20 to 30 cm apart.
Sun and soil : We recommend sowing the seeds of these two varieties in a place that receives full sunlight. Both vegetables prefer well-composted soil, rich and slightly alkaline, with a pH of 6.5 to 7. Again, lime can be sprinkled on old soil to keep it alkaline.
Compatible plants : Both spinach and chard are compatible with broad beans, cabbage, cauliflower and onions.
Incompatible plants : Spinach is compatible with all plants. However, silverbeets cannot be grown near corn, melons, cucumbers, squash, most herbs or potatoes.
Plant raised bed for autumn with root vegetables: onions and leeks.
When you think of fall and winter, this classic vegetable comes to mind for warm, hearty beef stews for those chilly nights. Here’s how to plant allium varieties like onions and leeks in a raised bed .
Planting: We recommend buying a miniature bunch of onions at a farmers market. Soak the onions in water for 15 minutes so you can easily pull them apart when planting. Plant them five inches deep in the soil so the bulb sits on the surface. Although most onions are not ready to harvest until late winter, the weaker growing pieces can be harvested throughout, and the shoots make an excellent herb-like garnish.
Spacing : Place the bulbs 5 to 10 cm apart.
Sun and soil : Onions prefer full to partial sun and do not mind a slightly acidic soil.
Compatible plants : lemon balm, borage, carrots, beets, silverbeets, lettuce.
Incompatible plants : peas, beans.
Planting : Plant at a depth equal to three times the diameter.
Spacing : Since leek seeds are so small, it is recommended to put a few seeds in each planting hole and root out the weaker shoots as they begin to grow. Again, you can use the weaker shoots as a tasty garnish to your meal.
Sun and soil : Plant the seeds in a place that receives full sunlight. Like almost all vegetables, leeks love well-composted, well-drained soil. Leeks also love a little humus added to them.
Fertilize with organic fertilizer
Use an organic fertilizer. You can also use it as a foliar fertilizer. Foliar fertilization involves applying the fertilizer over the foliage with a watering can so that the nutrients are absorbed by both the leaves and the soil underneath. This helps with the lack of organic matter in the soil during the winter and ensures that the leaves do not suffer from iron deficiency, which can occur when the leaf tips get cooler. If your leaves turn yellow, it is a sign of iron deficiency. Pour liquid fertilizer over them.
Direct seeding works well
Although some say to grow seeds in covered trays indoors and then transplant them, we don’t think that’s necessary. You can grow plants from seed in raised beds. This is because they are winter crops that are adapted to a cooler environment anyway. However, seedlings from the nursery can be damaged because they have been kept under lock and key for too long. By planting your raised bed for the fall, do without seedlings and instead choose the right winter crops: alliums, cabbage vegetables and root vegetables.