Tomato plants are heavy growers and need fertilizer at all stages of growth. Instead of buying bags at the store, you could learn how to make tomato fertilizer yourself. The great thing about making fertilizer at home is that you make what your plants need based on your soil. It’s best to have your soil tested before planting to determine what nutrients the soil is lacking. After you get the results, add the nutrients your plants need to grow successfully. If you want to make tomato fertilizer yourself, check out the recipes below!
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When to fertilize tomato plants
You need to fertilize tomato plants several times, even while growing seedlings. First, add fertilizer or compost to the hole where you plan to plant your seedlings and mix it gently into the soil. Compost is usually sufficient for most plant growing seasons, but it depends on the quality of your soil and the nutrients present.
Shortly after planting, tomatoes will need more nutrients, but if you have used quality compost, you should not add more fertilizer at this time. Watch the growth of your plants to decide if they need help. When your plants begin to bloom and bear fruit, it’s time to fertilize again. Dilute fertilizers are suitable at this stage, but make sure you incorporate plenty of potassium into the soil.
Make your own tomato fertilizer: Recipe
To make about 4 liters of homemade tomato fertilizer, you will need:
A larger container, such as a bucket.
10 kg of compost
2 cups of rabbit droppings
1/2 cup of human and pet hair, cut into small pieces
400 g of dried alfalfa leaves or alfalfa pellets
1 cup of dried, crushed eggshells
80 g of used, dried tea or coffee grounds
1 cup of wood ash
First add the compost to the container, add the rabbit droppings and hair. Stir the ingredients with a short wooden stick or similar until well incorporated. Add the alfalfa leaves (or pellets), crushed eggshells, coffee and tea grounds, and wood ash. Mix the ingredients again until they are well incorporated.
Once you have finished mixing the homemade tomato fertilizer, there are many ways to use it. It is suitable for application when you plant the seedlings in the vegetable garden. Just fill the hole with the homemade fertilizer and then pour it well. This will ensure that all the organic ingredients in the fertilizer get to where they are needed most – the roots of the plant!
How to make liquid fertilizer from manure at home.
Add 1 part manure and 5 parts water to a 10 gallon bucket and let it soak, covered, for at least 2-4 weeks. When you have finished your manure tea, add the leftovers to your compost pile. How to use the DIY fertilizer: mix one part of it with 10 parts of water and apply it directly to the soil around your plants. You can later apply this fertilizer tea every 2-3 weeks.
Use baker’s yeast as fertilizer
For feeding tomatoes, you can use both fresh yeast and dry yeast. A nutritional yeast solution can be prepared in two ways: Mix a packet of dry yeast with 2 tablespoons of sugar and a little warm water to form a homogeneous mixture. The resulting substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water, and the dosage for each plant is 0.5 liters.
The other way to obtain a yeast nutrient solution is to put in a container 200 g of brown bread and pour 500 ml of warm water, in which dissolved 100 g of fresh yeast. Leave in a warm place for 3-5 days. Then strain the mixture and dilute with water in the ratio 1:10. For young plants, the dosage is 0.5 liters, and for adult plants, about two liters.
Another fairly simple recipe for feeding tomatoes with yeast: 100 g of fresh yeast is carefully dissolved in 10 liters of water, and the resulting mixture is poured on the root of the plants. Such a yeast solution is an excellent growth promoter.
Feeding the plants with nettles
Nettle infusion for tomato feeding is obtained from young leaves, as they contain a lot of nitrogen, potassium and iron. The vessel in which you prepare the solution, for example, a 10-liter bucket, should be 2/3 filled with nettles and filled with water, but not to the brim. Cover with a lid and leave to infuse for 7-10 days in a warm place.
When the nettles begin to ferment, 1 liter of the solution is diluted with 10 liters of water and the resulting liquid is poured into the tomato beds, 1-2 liters per plant. This feeding should not be overdone – do it no more than twice a month. Instead of nettles, you can use other young plants for this solution, and dandelions and alfalfa are the most suitable.
Making tomatoes fertilizer yourself with chicken manure
Chicken manure has no worse effect on plants than mineral compound fertilizer – it contains a lot of nitrogen and phosphorus. It is very effective to use diluted water with fresh chicken droppings. A bucket (10 liters) is filled 1/3 with chicken manure, filled with water and soaked in the open air for 7-10 days. Then dilute 0.5 liters of the fertilizer in 10 liters of water and pour the resulting liquid into the beds. Calculate 5-6 liters per square meter.
Be careful that the chicken droppings do not get on the leaves, as this can cause burns. Dried chicken manure can also be used to fertilize tomatoes. To do this, pour 0.5 kg of manure with 10 liters of water, cover the container tightly with foil (so that the nitrogen does not evaporate) and leave for 3-5 days. Stir daily. Then dilute the fertilizer with water in the ratio 1:20 and pour 0.5-1 liters for each plant.