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How to create a new flower bed? Simple instructions and tips on how to choose the location, plants and more.

In a flower bed, you can put colorful annuals and perennials that will fill your garden with beauty. And, of course, flowers are essential for butterflies and other pollinators. So as you make more room for flowering plants, roll out the welcome mat for these beneficial creatures. Like a blank canvas, a new flower bed gives you the opportunity to get creative and fill it with anything you can imagine. The possibilities are endless, but first comes the actual construction. This may seem like a daunting project, but with a little planning, preparation and diligence, you’ll soon be enjoying a more beautiful, flower-filled garden.

Creating a new flower bed: tips for preparation

Create new flower bed in the garden

First, decide on the size and shape of your flower bed. Should it be a small round bed or would you prefer a long and narrow border? Here are the most important decisions you should make while you’re still in the planning stages.

Determine the size and shape of the flower bed

Determine the size and shape of a new flower bed

First, you need to decide how big you want the flower bed to be. Consider things like your budget for the project, your own skills and/or labor requirements, the tools you’ll need, the plants you want to grow in the bed, and ongoing maintenance requirements.

Select the location for the garden bed

Create flower beds in the garden instructions

After you have decided on the size of the garden bed, you should select the location for the new garden bed. Get an overview of your property and note the available space for the flower bed, sun exposure, access to irrigation and soil quality.

In some cases, on the other hand, location is critical. For example, if you want to beautify a certain area in the garden, then you can adjust the size of the flower bed to it.

How to create your new flower bed

How to create a new flower bed steps

There are some important steps you should follow when creating a new flower bed, regardless of its size or shape. The following instructions will help you add more color to your garden.

Mark the perimeter of the flower bed

Create flower beds Mark boundary with garden hose

Use a garden hose or wooden stakes and twine to draw the shape of the flower bed you have in mind. These tools will help you design and visualize the flower bed. Once you have determined the final shape of the bed, you can outline the bed border with lawn paint. Be sure to remove the garden hose and/or wooden stakes and twine before moving on to the next step.

Remove grass

Remove grass to create a new flower bed

Assuming the new garden bed is currently overgrown with grass, your next step is to remove the grass from the new bed area . Depending on how quickly you want to get the new plants in, there are several ways to do this. The easiest, but most time-consuming method is to lay out a landscape protection fabric (or even newspaper) over the area. Secure the material to the ground so it doesn’t fly away. After about 2 weeks, remove the material and all the grass should have died back naturally. Scrape off the remaining grass and dispose of it.

Remove lawn and grass to create a flower bed

The quickest way to remove sod is to use a sod remover or the good old fashioned method with a shovel and some muscle. Start with a straight shovel or spade to outline the outer perimeter that you have marked with turf paint. Push the shovel about 10 inches deep and create a clean edge to separate the sod around the border.

Looking for ideas for an original bed edging? Find a few cool yet inexpensive alternatives in this post .

Tips for improving the soil

Improve soil in raised flower bed with sand compost garden soil

The most important thing you can do to ensure a long life for your new plants is to add good soil to the garden bed. Add about 10 inches of soil mixed with compost and sand to the garden bed and work it in with the existing native soil. Digging around can be done with a shovel; however, it is best to use a garden tiller for this task as it is very labor intensive.

Planting plants in your new flower bed

Create new flower bed tips instructions

If your new flower bed is already established, then you can put the finishing touches on it: Plants and mulch! Be sure to include all the information about your new plants, such as plant spacing and growing habits, and consider the best time to plant ornamental shrubs to ensure they thrive.

Create and plant flower bed tips

Typically, most plants come in plastic containers. For your new plant, you will need to dig a hole at least as wide and deep (if not slightly larger) than this container. Once the hole is dug, carefully remove the plant from the plastic container and rough up the root ball a bit so that most of the roots come off without losing too much of the surrounding soil. Carefully place the plant in the hole and begin filling in the surrounding soil.

Add mulch

Mulching flowers in the bed tips

After placing the plants in your new flower bed, cover them with a layer of mulch material such as hardwood mulch, pine bark mulch, cedar mulch or even small rocks. This layer of mulch will protect the roots from the elements and ensure that the water you give the plants reaches them slowly before it can run off. Since hardwood mulch decomposes over time, you should replace this mulch at least once a year.

And that’s how easy it is to create a new flower bed. Whether you tackle such a project yourself or hire a professional landscaping company to do it for you, with proper care your new flower bed will give you many years of enjoyment.