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Build raised bed from stone yourself: Instructions and tips for building a DIY garden bed with natural materials.

To prepare your garden for the spring season , you can build a raised bed of stone yourself for your crops. While it can be difficult to work in the surrounding soil, such a garden bed is more adaptable. In this way, you can easily meet the specific needs of your plants. Depending on availability, natural stone, brick or concrete blocks are all suitable for building a decorative bed for your favorite flowers or vegetables. The following information and step-by-step instructions can help you.

Before you build a raised bed of stone yourself

stylish garden design with diy raised bed in lawn and flowers planted side by side

Build a raised bed from natural stone, which will fit perfectly into the landscape. With standard tools, you can create such a DIY project for garden beds in two weekends. However, before you start building, put on safety glasses, gloves, closed-toe shoes, long sleeves, long pants and a dust mask to protect your eyes, hands, skin and lungs from dust and particles created during the construction process. When you order your materials, have them delivered as close to the job site as possible. A transport cart or wheelbarrow will help with moving stones, blocks and soil, as well as making changes to the location of the raised bed. Also, still consider the stability of the soil under the proposed garden bed as well as the height.

picked vegetables in a basket on a garden bed made of bricks with grown flowers

An organically rich or fertilized garden soil under the bed will allow you to keep the surrounding stone wall low with a height of 20 to 30 centimeters. A rocky soil and deep-rooted flowers, as well as a shrub or small tree, might require a deeper bed. However, avoid dry stacking stones, bricks or blocks higher than 45 to 60 inches without using mortar. According to landscaping experts, a higher bed requires a solid concrete base. This, accordingly, you should assemble with mortar to ensure that it does not collapse under its own weight.

Masonry raised beds in the garden

blooming flowers in a raised bed with stone wall in the garden area

Such a stone wall, as well as the matching paved path, will fit perfectly into a lush garden landscape. The rough, randomly stacked stone will soften with time and weather, which can make it even more attractive over time. If you love flowers, vegetables and plants to boot, a raised bed will not only give you just the right soil mix for healthy plants, but it will also take the strain off your back since you won’t have to bend over as far. Natural stone walls also look great and are easy to build. Create the wall on a base of gravel for stability and drainage, and cover the back with landscape fabric and more gravel before filling the garden bed with soil.

practical drainage for diy garden bed by water feature from bamboo matching rustic look in the garden


To make placing stones easier, first arrange them in groups based on similar thicknesses and lengths. As you sort, set aside nice-looking stones that you can use as capstones. Also, spread the stones out on tarps instead of stacking them if you have room. This will save you from having to dig through the piles later to find the stones you want. This DIY project doesn’t require any special skills, but you will need to have some muscle power to lift the stones for it. The only special tool you may need is a diamond blade for your circular saw if you want to saw off your stones.

Build a solid foundation for your stone garden bed

tasteful and practical garden design and build your own raised bed of stone

While a DIY stone garden bed can be square or rectangular, don’t limit your creativity. An oval, round or irregularly shaped bed is also suitable for such a garden area improvement . Use a garden hose to outline the perimeter of the bed. Remove the sod or other vegetation from under the bed and dig a hole about six inches deep around the perimeter. The trench should be wide enough to accommodate the width of your stone wall.

diy project to build a raised stone garden bed and provide access through old concrete slabs


If you are also creating a garden path around the outside for a mobility-impaired gardener, add an additional 80-90 inches of width to the outside edge of the trench. Tamp the soil firmly and then add 5-10 cm of coarse sand. Wet the sand and tamp it down before filling the trench halfway with crushed stone. Tamp firmly to bind the gravel together. Add the rest of the gravel and tamp again to create a firm, level base.

How to easily build a raised bed of stone yourself

build your own stone raised garden bed using gravel in combination with sand

Rock garden beds can give the garden a rustic look. These types of designs also offer many advantages that ground level gardens do not. Many gardeners and hobbyists love the look of rock garden beds. However, not only do they look nice, but they also allow for better plant access and can improve water drainage. To develop a plan for this and create the garden, you should consider a few factors. Developing rock garden plans and creating the raised bed is easier than most people think. By following a few simple steps to build it, you can build your ideal raised stone garden bed yourself. The garden tools and materials you will need are stones, mortar, spatula, soil, pen and paper, newspaper or cardboard and shovel.

Step 1: Location and design of the raised bed.

a hobby gardener levels natural stone before building a garden bed in the garden

Start by finding the place where you want to build your desired garden bed. Depending on what types of plants are going into the garden, you should consider different light requirements. To do this, choose a relatively level spot. Accordingly, the level garden soil is much easier to work with. Then determine the size and shape of the bed. Draw the stone garden plans on paper to get an idea of the amount of stones and soil you will need to create the garden bed.

Step 2: Prepare the building site

use wheelbarrow with pebbles to build a raised bed of brick in the garden

First, mark the corners of the garden bed with stones or sticks. Then dig the perimeter of the garden bed described above. The trench should be wide enough to lay the first layer of stones in it. Spread sheets of newspaper over the area where the raised bed will be located. The edges of the plastic should overlap the trench or border. Then lay the first layer of stones along the trench. You can buy interlocking stones at home improvement stores if you prefer. Such stones do not require mortar. If you use natural stones, you can easily find the tightest fit. However, a few inches of stone should be left above the ground so you can add the second layer.

Step 3: Lay the stones

lay pieces of stone for the wall of a raised garden bed in the garden

Mix the mortar well before laying more stones. Lay one stone at a time, making sure to find the natural stone that fits best. Apply mortar to the laid stone first, starting at one corner and spreading it out. Place the new stone on top of the mortar. You will likely need additional mortar to fill any remaining gaps. Work your way around the border in one direction, carefully placing each stone.

fill and apply mortar to cracks between laid stones in the garden bed using spatulas

Leave small gaps between the first course of stone and the second every third stone and so on. Gaps large enough for a finger to fit through are best. This will help create better drainage. Build the stone border as high as necessary. Next, make touch-ups to the stone wall after the mortar has dried. Then fill in any gaps you may have missed during construction, as well as any unwanted holes.

Step 4: Fill the garden bed with soil.

natural stone raised garden bed filled with soil

It’s time to fill in the stone border with your desired potting soil. You can mix this with compost, high-quality topsoil and peat moss, which will create the perfect garden soil for the raised bed. Next, rake the soil to a level surface. If the garden bed is not level, water will run off in one direction instead of flowing evenly down through the bed.

Step 5: Grow plants and finish gardening the raised bed

build your own stone raised garden bed and enrich the garden with plants in spring

Plant flowers, vegetables, fruits or other plants desired in the garden. Maintain healthy soil by adding compost during dormant periods. By adding a straw blanket to the top of the bed, you help retain moisture as raised beds can drain water quickly. Grow seeds or transplant seedlings . You can also add a drip hose or drip irrigation system to keep the soil moist as your plants grow. Then let your plants thrive and enjoy your homemade raised stone bed.

More tips for building a raised stone garden bed

digging the sides of a garden bed in the ground and building a raised stone bed yourself

Browse suppliers to find a stone you like, though the selection is often regional. Costs vary widely between stone types. You can use your own, or an inexpensive stone, as long as it is relatively flat at the top and bottom. The flatter and more rectangular the stone pieces are, the easier they are to stack. The techniques you use following the steps above will not work for rounded field stones. You can buy capstone, which is a special stone for the top layer, or use the same stone as for the rest of the garden bed.

side by side stone garden beds with pergolajpg

When ordering materials, ask about delivery charges. It’s worth the extra cost if the supplier places the materials right next to the work area. That way, you won’t have to walk back and forth to move the stone. It is important to consider mistakes, cuts and future potential projects when ordering building materials. It is also still advisable to order additional material. The last thing you want to do is run out of material and have to pay a second delivery fee for the same product you didn’t order enough of.