The orchid stem dried up? This problem and how to solve it, is one of the most important issues in the care of orchids. Live plant stems or flowers are an indicator of proper development and quality of care. If dry spots appear on the stems, they must be urgently removed, otherwise the presence of dry flower spikes in combination with improper care can lead to problems with the development and flowering of exotics.
Table of Contents
- Development of the plant and duration of flowering periods.
- Create appropriate conditions for the exotics
- Orchid stem dries up – what are the causes?
- Orchid stem cut off or not
- Repot or transplant withered plants
Development of the plant and duration of flowering periods
The period of formation of a flower-bearing arrow usually lasts from one to three months, after which the orchid begins to bloom . The duration of this period can vary from 2 to 3 months to six months, depending on proper care and good watering of the plant. It is also worth noting that not all orchids are able to bloom. Often, only adult specimens of the plant, which have formed a good root system, can enjoy flowers. Young plants under one year of age, as a rule, do not yet have enough vitality to support the flowering process.
Create appropriate conditions for the exotics
- Maintaining light and heat conditions;
- Create a comfortable humidity level around the bloom;
- Avoiding overheating and drafts;
The temperature regime of an orchid can range from +18 to +25 degrees. If the exotic no longer blooms, you can cause it artificial stress by lowering the temperature. Since the tropics are the natural habitat of orchids, a humidity of 70% is quite pleasant and acceptable for them. At the same time, the plants feel quite comfortable even at a humidity of 50%. In order for them to feel comfortable in a temperate climate, the humidity in the environment should not be less than 50%.
Orchid stem dried up – what are the causes.
There are several types of dried up stems. The reasons that contribute to it, can be of different nature. The degree of damage can be determined by the appearance of the withered orchid stem. In some cases, this is a normal aspect of development, but in most cases, a withered stem is a sign of lack of care. Experts distinguish several main types of withered orchid stems:
- dry tip of the stem;
- completely dry stem;
- sluggish orchid leaves; and a yellowed underside of the stem.
The dry tip of the stem most likely indicates that the exotic plant has recently faded. In this case, it is enough to cut off the dry part of the stem, and the plant will fully develop again.
There can be several main reasons for the drying of the stem. Among the main causes are:
- Insufficient or excessive watering;
- Lack of fertilizer;
- improper application of dressings.
Not only the stems suffer from overheating, but very often the root system of the flower. Most often, orchids are exposed to high temperatures in spring and summer. To avoid disastrous consequences in hot weather, it is necessary to protect a tropical flower from constant direct sunlight. To do this, for example, you can put a homemade opaque board between the glass and the plant, and moisten the surrounding area with water palettes. The yellowing of the stem can also be caused by hypothermia or constant drafts. If this factor is not removed in time, the flower may not only become ill, but also die. Improper watering is especially harmful to the rhizome of tropical exotics. If this is not prevented in time, it can lead to drying and dropping of leaves, and eventually to complete drying of the stem.
Natural causes of stem desiccation
The only situation in which desiccation can be considered a normal factor in the development of a tropical plant is the period that replaces flowering. It is easy to solve such a problem, you just need to cut off the dry part of the stem, and the flower will continue to develop. In other cases, the flower must be urgently transplanted or treated.
Orchid stem dries up because of pests.
Among the other harmful factors that can lead to premature drying of the stem are insect damage. One of the most dangerous pests for orchids is the mealybug, which damages not only the outer covering, but also the inner structure of the leaves of the tropical plant. In addition, these pests leave sticky pollen that attracts other insects.
Cut off orchid stems or not.
It all depends on how important it is for the development of the orchid. Some gardeners prefer to prune the spike after each bloom, whether it has wilted or not. Sometimes this is really appropriate, because at the place of pruning a new branch is formed. In this case, it is important to remember that the dry stem must be cut near the point of emergence, and this can be done only with disinfected scissors or loppers. Prune off dried stems as deeply as possible. To avoid infection of the flower, it is necessary to sprinkle the cut with crushed cinnamon, charcoal or activated charcoal.
When to cut withered stems.
It is best to prune the orchid when it is withered . Even if the gardener notices that the top of the stem has dried up during the lush bloom, do not immediately reach for the scissors. This can cause a stressful situation for the plant, resulting in premature flower drop. In addition, premature pruning can cause the exotic to stop blooming altogether.
Orchid stem dried up: steps for cutting.
In order not to hurt the green part, it is necessary to cut the dry stem only after the end of the flowering phase. Cut as close as possible to the growth opening, then there is a good chance that the stem will not be damaged and the flower will quickly sprout a bud or a new arrow. Cut only with disinfected tools. For disinfection you need ethyl alcohol and several cotton pads. After the procedure, it is recommended to sprinkle the cuts with cinnamon or charcoal powder.
If the stem and the flowers on it dry up, it may mean that the light or water balance of the plant is disturbed. For the further normal development of the plant is necessary to eliminate the disturbing factor. If the root system is hopelessly flooded, the exotic must be urgently transplanted. The first and most important advice for beginners in the cultivation of orchids is to necessarily cut back dry arrows that can not bloom. The second necessary manipulation is regular and quality feeding.
Repot or transplant dried up plants.
Whether it is necessary to replant an orchid , if the stem has dried up, depends on the degree of damage to the plant. If the stem is completely dried up, you need to check the condition of the root system. Of course, if the roots are still alive or the damage is minor, the flower must be transplanted to save it. You need to carefully remove it from the pot, clean the rhizome from the adhering substrate, and then remove the rotten and dried roots. You need to transplant the flower only in a dry substrate specially designed for orchids, and then determine the location for the plant. It should be remembered that the tropical plants are most comfortable on the south-east or south-west side.