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Properly care for the autumn flowering camellia – this is what the pretty shrub needs

Camellia is without a doubt one of the most popular flowers, because it captivates with beautiful flowers. Usually it blooms in late winter or spring, but there are also varieties that impress with their splendor of flowers already in autumn. One such autumn-flowering camellia is the Sasanqua camellia (Camellia sasanqua). Today we will introduce you to this magnificent specimen and explain what the plant needs in order to thrive.

Autumn flowering camellia – interesting facts about beauty

Where does the sasanqua camellia come from?

For the Sasanqua camellias, mix an acidic soil with rhododendron soil

Autumn flowering camellia also comes from southern Japan and China, that is, the Far East . There the plant prefers mountain slopes, where it forms whole thickets and decorates them with its dreamlike flowers.

Properties of the plant

Autumn flowering camellia cut only when necessary and sparingly

We have already mentioned that the flowers are magnificent. They grow up to 7 cm in size and appear, as the name suggests, in autumn. So expect this camellia to bloom between September and November. The colors here range from white to pink to red, and on top of that, they emit a gentle but at the same time distinctive fragrance. Although the plant generally blooms very profusely, the individual camellia flower is not particularly long-lived in itself. Visually, moreover, the flowers can differ not only in color. There are also single, semi-double as well as double flowers, but all of them are round and symmetrical in shape.

The leaves, in turn, are oval-shaped and leathery, have a strong green color and a shiny top, and grow to about 5 cm in size. The serrated edge is also characteristic, as well as the pointed shape.

Camellia sasanqua needs to be protected from cold with fleece

After flowering, small fruits emerge with a size of 3 cm, which are green to red in color. In them develop the seeds, the oil of which is very popular. It is used not only in cosmetics , but also finds use in cooking.

The oil of the seeds of the Sasanqua camellia are edible and also very popular in cosmetics

Autumn flowering camellia is an ornamental shrub , which reaches a height of up to 5 meters. Its individual branches and twigs are rather delicate and fine and hang elegantly over, so that the shrub is a real eye-catcher in every respect. By the way, the young shoots are also popular for making tea.

Autumn flowering camellia – location and care

Properly care for autumn flowering camellia - tips for location, water and fertilizer.

Of course, if you buy an autumn flowering camellia, you need to immediately take care of the right location that will suit its needs. What is it? Although the modern varieties are more insensitive to cold , you should make sure that the plant gets a place in the garden that will protect it from the wind and also from the winter sun. Ask at the nursery or garden center about the chosen variety – some need a cool winter quarters, such as a semi-shaded winter garden, others will also suffice with a thick layer of mulch and, if the temperature is below minus 10 degrees, a heat fleece. In order for the autumn-flowering camellia to produce many flowers, it needs a sunny location in the summer, but one where it is protected from the strong midday sun.

Plant care for amateur gardeners - buy ornamental shrubs and plant them in the garden

The soil should be slightly acidic and rich in humus. For this purpose, you can prepare the soil before planting the camellia. Dig the hole and mix the soil with special rhododendron soil. Place the autumn flowering camellia in the designated planting hole and fill with the soil.

How to care for your gem

Camellia sasanqua needs a location in the garden protected from the wind

Water the autumn-flowering camellia regularly, but make sure that it does not become waterlogged. This will quickly lead to root rot and mold, which will harm the plant and cause it to die. The water should also not be too calcareous. Rainwater is best suited. Fertilizer should also be applied regularly. From late spring to late summer, you can fertilize your camellia.

Autumn flowering camellia in white with lush blooms for the garden

You can prune the autumn flowering camellia as needed. By and large, regular pruning is unnecessary, but you are welcome to trim overly long shoots after flowering. You can also remove wild shoots. Major pruning is done on older plants at most, and even then you should not overdo it. Such pruning is best done only every few years and only on small parts of the shoots.

Pink autumn flowering camellia with open flowers and yellow pollen

Of course, like most plants, autumn flowering camellia can be attacked by diseases and pests. Scale insects, thrips, pine weevils, as well as the camellia plague and other fungal diseases can damage and weaken your plant. It is important to recognize and treat them in time.

Autumn flowering camellia with double flowers in pink and dark leaves.