Skip to content

Propagate Monstera: With these simple methods, even beginners succeed in growing new plants

We are hardly surprised that you are the happy owner of a monstera plant ( Monstera deliciosa ) and want to propagate it to boot, because it is a beauty that is currently extremely trendy and popular. But it is not only the appearance that provides this popularity. The fact that the plant is so easy to care for also gives it a few plus points. And here the monstera propagation is no exception. Even beginners can venture into this experiment and try their luck. We’ll explain what it takes to successfully propagate your monstera.

What are the methods of propagation?

Monstera propagate by head cuttings - How to cut the stems correctly.

There are several methods of propagating Monstera, including of course the natural variant by seeds as well as the so-called abmossing, but these take longer or are a little more complicated. For this reason, Monstera offshoots are the best method and we would like to discuss them in this article. How to get offshoots and how to proceed with them properly afterwards, we will explain in the following lines.

Propagate Monstera with the help of head cuttings

If you’ve had your plant for a while, you’ve probably already noticed an aerial root or two. Yes, exactly, aerial roots, as you know them also from orchids . These form the best conditions for obtaining cuttings , on the basis of which a new plant can grow. If you want to propagate the monstera by aerial roots, look for a potential cutting (in this case a head cutting) on the plant that has at least one of them, as well as one or two leaves.

Furthermore, the ideal head cutting should be above a so-called leaf node and contain another such node itself. You can recognize these by slight thickenings from which the leaves emerge (if you have left a leaf on your cutting, you will automatically get the leaf node with it). To summarize once again, the cutting needs:

  • at least one aerial root
  • at least one leaf (from which a new one will develop later)
  • and the corresponding leaf node

Monstera propagate with aerial roots or without

Now cut this stem about a centimeter below the root. Under no circumstances should you cut or damage the Monstera aerial roots. Now let the cutting rest for an hour. This step is necessary to allow the cut to dry out. After that, the future new plantlet goes into a vase with water to form roots in it. It is important that the monstera aerial roots are in water, and you also change the water every week to avoid disease. Every time you change the water (or in between) you can check if new roots have formed.

This is the right moment to plant the plant in a pot. It is best to use growing soil and place the stem as straight as possible. Now, it is important to keep the soil moist at all times, otherwise the fresh roots as well as others will not develop well.

Use a stem cutting

Aerial roots make propagation easier, but can also be missing

You will get the stem cutting, again, from the lower part from which you have separated the head cutting. But in order for you to succeed here as well, the stem must have a so-called dormant eye. This is a place from which a new shoot can form – a method by which the plant tries to survive, since you have severed the leaf node at the top, and therefore no new leaf can develop on this part of the plant.

This method of propagation costs the plant more power and time than the head cuttings, which is why the latter is the more popular.

Planting cuttings directly into soil

Place new plant in water or directly in growing medium

Yes, rooting can also be done directly in soil, so you can skip the water step if you want to propagate your Monstera. However, there is a risk here that you may accidentally let the substrate get too dry, or conversely, keep it too wet, which can cause the cutting to rot. If you decide to use this method, make sure that the soil is only moist throughout. Using a spray bottle works best for this.

Trendy houseplant with easy care for beginners

The cutting should also have a leaf node with this variant so that a new leaf can grow from it. The substrate should also be warm and have a temperature of about 25 degrees, but the pot should not be in direct sunlight for this. You can protect the soil from drying out by covering the pot with cling film. Alternatively, a translucent plastic hood or a jar is also suitable. If you choose to cover the pot, remember to remove the cover daily to allow for aeration.

Propagate Monstera without aerial root

You would love to get started right away and propagate your monstera, but your plant has not yet formed a single aerial root in the necessary spot? Try it anyway! The fact is that an existing aerial root will make your project easier, but it is not absolutely necessary. However, leaf and leaf bud should still be present. After you cut the cutting, simply place it in water, as also described above, where new roots should form.

Monstera propagate in water by cuttings

Tip: You can also use the same methods to propagate ivy.