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Monstera care: what to consider in the location, watering and fertilizing? Useful tips and solutions to common problems

The big, bold monstera is one of the hottest houseplants, adding a “wow” factor to any room. Still known as a window leaf, this easy-to-grow evergreen climber is a popular choice for the home and office. Although the monstera is considered low-maintenance, there are some care tips to keep in mind to keep the plant comfortable and thriving. Here are the top tips about Monstera care, as well as solutions to a few common houseplant problems.

Window leaf houseplant care tips

Houseplants are the perfect way to bring nature indoors in any season, and no home should be without them. They can enhance the beauty and overall appearance of a room, eliminate pollutants in the air, and promote good moods and creativity. And if you like the green side of life and want to turn your home into a green oasis, then you’re right on target with the imposing Monstera plant.

What are the most famous Monstera species?

Monstera species adansonii Monkey Leaf

There are more than 40 species of Monstera known worldwide, but you will only find a few of them at your local nursery. All of them vary in their size, color and shape of leaves. Here are the most popular of them:

Monstera deliciosa: This is the most common species, and the one you’re most likely to find at your local garden center. It’s called “deliciosa” (delicious in Portuguese) because it produces delicious fruit when growing conditions are optimal in its native habitat.

Monstera adasonii: Still called Monkey Leaf Monstera, this species is smaller than the deliciosa, but the attractive holes take up almost 50% of the leaves.

Monstera obliqua: In this species of Monstera, the holes take up most of the paper-thin leaves and provide a unique appearance. However, the leaves are more fragile than other species, making the plant a bit more difficult to care for.

Monstera acuminata: This monstera impresses with its heart-shaped, pointed leaves that can reach a height of 150 inches. Still known as a pointed window leaf, this species lends itself well as a climbing plant.

Those who bring a window leaf into their own four walls should definitely inform themselves about the correct Monstera care. Because only in this way can the plant unfold its full glory.

Monstera care: The best tips

Monstera care which location

In principle, only two different types of Monstera are cultivated as houseplants – Monstera deliciosa and Monstera adansonii. Monstera adansonii differs from M. deliciosa in its longer, pointed leaves and fully closed leaf holes. The leaf holes of Monstera deliciosa eventually grow toward the edge and open when mature.


For Monstera, the location must provide bright to medium indirect light. The houseplant is not suitable for intense, direct sun. Partial shade and shade are also fine, but the leaves do not form as well in a darker location. When choosing a location, make sure that the plant also requires plenty of space.


Water Monstera once every 1-2 weeks, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Water more frequently in brighter light and less frequently in weaker light. Pro tip: Monstera benefits from filtered water or water left overnight before use. The leaves should be sprayed occasionally with room temperature water.

Note: The Monstera plant tolerates drought better than too much water. So when in doubt, water less and let the soil dry out between waterings.

Humidity & Temperature

Normal humidity in the room is sufficient for monstera, but it prefers humid conditions if possible. Consider using a fine atomizer or humidifier to increase the humidity in the room, especially during the cold season.

Like most houseplants, window foliage prefers temperatures in the range of 18 °C – 30 °C. However, it is best not to let the temperature drop below 15 °C.


Use a well-drained potting soil for the monstera. If necessary, mix in ingredients such as perlite or lava rock to improve the aeration of the soil.


Like any potted plant, window foliage needs a regular supply of nutrients to thrive. From April to August, you should fertilize the houseplant every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer for green plants. In the fall and winter, fertilizer applications once a month are sufficient.

Common problems with the plant and how to solve them.

Window leaf leaves curl up solution

There is nothing worse than a houseplant that does not thrive. An important part of monstera care is dealing with various plant problems. We give the solutions to the most popular of them:

Monstera leaves curl up

This is a sign that you are either underwatering your plant or not giving it enough moisture. This can also mean that your evergreen plant is suffering from pest infestation, heat stress or overwatering. Check the soil and look closely at your monstera to identify the problem. Adjust the location and watering schedule.

No holes in the leaves

Monsteras are called window foliage because of their holes. If your plant doesn’t start splitting when it’s mature, check and adjust water and sun exposure for a happier (and thriving) plant.

Brown leaf tips

Check the humidity, it may be too low. Move your monstera to another room – the bathroom or kitchen, for example – so the plant is in a room with more humidity.

Torn leaves

Since the leaves of this plant have holes, you might think that tearing is normal. However, it isn’t. Increase the humidity in the room and handle the plant gently. And don’t worry – the cracks will heal over time.

Tip: If your monstera leaves show clear signs of damage, don’t be afraid to cut them off – especially if they are heavily brown or black in color – as the spots will not heal.

Monstera houseplant with large leaves

Please note: Monstera leaves are poisonous if consumed and should be kept out of reach of cats, dogs and small children.