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Do bromeliads need care as houseplants? – Care tips and instructions for growing pineapple plants

It may seem difficult for amateur gardeners to properly perform care for bromeliads, but these striking plants are actually easy to grow. In addition, the tropical-looking epiphyte is easy to care for under average living conditions. The plant also offers a range of stunning colors and textures. The so-called air plants do not require soil and can adhere to trees. They can even be stuck to objects or grown in shallow soil. In addition, such pineapple plants do not require special tools or fertilizers to grow. So, if you are considering growing bromeliad plants, below you will find some useful information and tips.

Advantageous bromeliads with care without much effort

why bromeliads need care without much effort and are low-maintenance plants

Bromeliads have splashy blooms, but they only bloom once during their lifetime under the right conditions. Once the bloom fades, you should cut off the flower stalk at the base. After flowering, the plant usually produces baby offshoots of new plants. In addition, many species of bromeliaceae are known for their beautiful foliage. They have multi-colored leaves in red, green, purple, orange and yellow, some with bands, stripes, spots and other features. Such houseplants for beginners include those of the genera Guzmania, Neoregelia and Vriesea.

pineapple plants blooming in striking tropical colors require easy indoor plant care

Bromeliads are relatively slow-growing plants that take one to three years to mature into flowering plants. Some plant species can grow up to 45 inches tall. Most of them need bright, indirect sunlight or dappled shade. Direct sunshine should be avoided accordingly, as this can burn the leaves. In addition, bromeliads are non-toxic plants , which can be an advantage for people with pets or with small children in the household.

Are bromeliads actually low-maintenance houseplants?

so called air plants without soil can be attached to the wall with rings and cultivated

Bromeliads generally need fairly specific conditions to flower, varying from genus to genus and even from species to species in a single genus. In addition, their bloom times depend on day length, temperature, humidity, water and nutrients. As houseplants, most bromeliads can be planted in a mixture of potting soil and sand. Watering is done either by moistening the soil or by filling the central depression formed by the leaf rosette. However, you can grow bromeliads without soil by attaching or gluing the plant to an object. This will allow them to remain upright.

Provide the appropriate lighting conditions

grow different containers for bromeliads care as indoor plants

When caring for bromeliads, make sure they get bright, indirect light every day, unless you know your plant prefers a different light intensity. For example, different genera of bromeliads tolerate different light levels. In general, varieties with soft, flexible, spineless leaves usually prefer lower light levels, while varieties with stiff, hard leaves prefer bright indirect light. Some of these can even withstand full tropical sun, while others scorch quickly. Plant varieties that turn yellowish may receive too much light, while dark green or elongated species may receive too little sunlight. Increasing light exposure can help bromeliads bloom, provided other conditions are appropriate.

Provide the right soil conditions

soilless potting soil as a possible method for growing bromeliads

Bromeliads grown indoors thrive in fast-draining potting soil that retains moisture but drains well. A mixture of two-thirds peat soil and one-third sand is often the ideal combination if you want to do right by bromeliads. You can also use orchid substrate, charcoal or soilless potting soil. Many epiphytic bromeliads can be planted in containers. You can also try growing them as authentic air plants on boards or tree trunks, using ribbons or glue to secure them.

How watering can provide bromeliads care.

watering the developing flower in the rosette of a bromeliad with water

Although native to tropical, humid environments, some bromeliads tolerate drought but prefer moist but not soggy soil. In a typical home, it is not usually necessary to keep the plant’s central pot constantly filled with water. However, this is an option if light conditions and temperature are excessive. Therefore, if you water your bromeliad centrally, be sure to flush the central cup from time to time to remove accumulated salts.

in cold weather, overwinter bromeliaceae in flower pots at temperatures between 25 and 30 degrees celsius

However, it is generally sufficient to water these plants very sparingly through the soil weekly during the growing season and reduce watering during the winter dormant season. Never leave the plant in standing water, as bromeliads are prone to root rot. Wait until the top five inches of soil feel dry before watering. Plants you grow as epiphytes need more attention accordingly. Simply spray such species with a spray bottle and give them a good water bath by submerging them in water once a week.

Optimal temperature and humidity

indoor care for various types of plants like bromeliads

Bromeliads are also tolerant to temperature fluctuations, but most plant species need protection from cold. If you want to add such plants to your garden but live in a climate with freezing temperatures, consider planting bromeliads in pots to overwinter indoors. In addition, bromeliads prefer temperatures between 25 and 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Although some hardy plant varieties can survive at temperatures as low as 20 degrees, they generally should not be exposed to temperatures below 30 degrees.

exotic flowers with impressive blooms like bromeliads care with potting soil and humidity

Bromeliads grow well indoors at 40-50 percent humidity. In many climates, they can be brought outside in the summer. Above all, remember that bromeliads are native to tropical, moist, shady forest soils or grow in trees. With that in mind, you can try to mimic those conditions for your houseplants.

Tips for fertilizing and growing outdoors

grow bromeliads in plastic flower pots as houseplants or in the garden

Such pineapple plants are not heavy growers. Therefore, during the growing season, you can use a liquid fertilizer diluted to half to maintain at the bromeliads care. Avoid feeding mature plants in the winter or when the plant begins to flower. As mentioned above, these plants can be grown outdoors. They do best in tropical environments, so you will need to bring your bromeliads indoors during the colder months.

grow bromeliads in a mixture of gravel or orchid substrate and sand at home

If you do place them outside, you can grow them in a shallow-bottomed container on a shady patio, under a shady tree, or a larger plant that will give it some shade on a bright, sunny day. Direct sunlight can otherwise burn her leaves. Plants planted in containers also dry out faster than soil plants. Therefore, they need more water outdoors when the soil dries out, although you should also soak it well. In addition, the watering water should be able to drain easily from the drainage holes. You can also water the natural bowl of the plant, which consists of the leaves of the plant at its base.

Trick for earlier flowering of bromeliads

use trick and achieve with bromeliads care by flowering earlier in a bag with apple in the garden

While it can be difficult to accurately reproduce the conditions a particular bromeliad needs to bloom, some research has shown that plants can be forced to bloom by exposure to ethene. So if you want to make your plant bloom faster, you can place it in a tightly sealed clear plastic bag with a ripe apple for up to 10 days. The apple will give off a specific gas called ethene as it decomposes. Just be sure to drain any water from the central calyx of the bromeliad before trying this hack.

Avoid possible mistakes and prevent pest infestation in bromeliads as care.

soilless bromeliads care with suitable light conditions and little watering as indoor plants

Although bromeliads are somewhat serene plants, they can be susceptible to some cultural problems. Be aware of the following problems:

  • You can eliminate mealybugs and aphids by spraying the plant with a mixture of water and a few drops of dishwashing liquid. Dab scale bugs with a cotton swab dampened with rubbing alcohol.
  • Always plant bromeliads in containers with drainage holes and run the water through the container to ensure that the roots do not stand in the water and develop rot. Also, never use a metal container for watering. Bromeliads are very sensitive to metal. Avoid metal pots as well.
  • Water with high mineral content can cause water spots on the base of the plant and in the center cup. Therefore, it is best to water with demineralized water.
  • Bromeliads do not have a large root system, so plant them in small, well-drained pots that do not collect much water. Planting such plants in a pot that is too large without drainage can also cause rot.