Orchids are widely considered one of the most beautiful flowers in the world, and for good reason – their delicate grace and exotic symmetry are a charming addition to most interiors. Although they have a reputation for being low-maintenance potted plants, these flowers also have certain needs. How you should properly care for orchids and what are the most common mistakes people make, you will learn in this article.
Table of Contents
- Caring for orchids – what are the most common mistakes people make.
- Types of orchids to grow
Caring for orchids – What are the most common mistakes people make.
Some mistakes in plant care can cause the orchid to lose its flowers. Others can endanger its life. Fortunately, many mistakes are relatively easy to correct. Here’s what not to do to properly care for your orchids.
Watering the plants incorrectly
Overwatering: Although orchids are tropical plants, they don’t need as much water as many houseplants. Overwatering can lead to root rot and fungal infections. Water every 7 to 10 days or whenever the mixture becomes dry.
Watering underwater: It is still possible to water an orchid underwater – a mixture that is too dry can lead to shriveled, gray roots and cause the orchid to lose its flowers. Set up a watering schedule to make sure your orchid gets enough water – about ¼ cup per session.
Watering from above: A stream of water can damage flowers and leaves and even cause rot over time. Instead, water directly into the potting soil.
Orchid Care – Don’t Water with Ice Cold Water: A basic tip for watering orchids is to place ice cubes on top of the soil mixture and let them melt, but too much ice cold water can damage the roots of the plants. When using ice, make sure there is enough potting soil between the ice cubes and the roots.
For more tips on how to properly water your orchid, click here !
Care for orchids with the right lighting
Orchids can dry out quickly in direct sunlight and lose their blooms in dark rooms. These plants thrive in indirect light – place your plant in a room with plenty of natural light and protect your plant from direct sunlight.
Using regular potting soil is wrong
Orchid Soil – In nature, most orchid species do not grow out of the ground, but cling to branches and stems. Therefore, potting soil is not an appropriate medium for these plants. Instead, use fine bark chips to promote drainage and prevent root rot.
Fertilize orchids with tea – Three proven methods can be found here !
Care for orchids with the right humidity.
If you live in a dry climate, use a dehumidifier or turn up the heat in the winter, you may be drying out your orchid. Keep the humidity between 55% and 75%. Use a humidifier as needed or spray your plant’s leaves occasionally to maintain proper humidity.
Although maintaining proper humidity is important, you should never spray the flowers of your orchid. This can lead to excessive moisture and rot – only spray the leaves and potting soil.
Cut off the extra growth
If your orchid forms aerial roots, false or pseudobulbs, or canes, leave them alone. Roots and canes are a sign of healthy growth, while pseudobulbs can store energy and encourage further blooming and growth of your plant.
Excessive Orchid Care
Although children, pets and even the wind can harm your orchids, you can do just as much damage. Avoid repotting more than necessary, and replace pots only when needed or every two years.
Types of orchids to grow
If you correct these 10 mistakes, you can be sure your plant will delight you for many years to come. Learn more about orchid species and how you should care for them.
Miltonia are also known as “pansy orchids” because their flowers have “faces,” just like pansies. They do best in cooler temperatures of 12-15°C, but are forgiving of temperature fluctuations. Place them in a bright spot, but not in full sun.
Cymbidiums need cool conditions – at least 10 °C. To bloom, they need a significant temperature difference between day and night from mid to late summer – you can achieve this by placing the plants outdoors from June to September. Indoors, they need bright but indirect light.
Odontoglossum – Unlike most orchids, Odontoglossum get by with little light – a north-facing windowsill is ideal. They are native to the Andes, so they need cool, fresh, airy conditions and a minimum temperature of 10°C. They require high humidity, so place them on a tray of damp pebbles.
Dendrobiums do best at a temperature of at least 16-18 °C and a less humid environment than many other orchids. Reduce watering in the fall and move the plants to a bright windowsill or porch where they can remain cool and dry until spring. When temperatures rise again, increase watering and bring the plants indoors.
Phalaeonopsis are widely available and easy to grow. They do well in centrally heated homes (they need a minimum temperature of 16°C) in a place with bright, filtered light, such as near an east-facing window. They need moisture and therefore feel comfortable in kitchens and bathrooms.
Paphiopedilum like humidity and moderate temperatures – at least 13 °C. Species with spotted leaves like it warmer. They grow on the rainforest floor, so they are adapted to low light, but need high humidity. Put them in a cool, bright place in winter.
Oncidiums usually bloom in the summer and can be dormant for a while. They are happy to be outdoors in the summer. They like bright light – proximity to an east-facing window is ideal – and a moderate temperature of about 12-15 °C.
The monkey orchid is a unique decoration for your home. You can read more about this species of orchid here !