Amaryllis (delphinium) is one of the most popular winter flowers. But after the end of flowering in January, the whole plant often ends up in the trash. Too bad, actually, because the bulbous flower is perennial and with good care can sprout again the next winter. We explain how to properly cut back and care for the amaryllis after flowering.
Table of Contents
- Withered amaryllis, what to do? Remove withered flowers immediately
- Amaryllis after flowering: do not overwinter until late summer
- Special case of amaryllis in glass
Withered amaryllis, what to do? Remove wilted flowers immediately
The blooming season of the beautiful exotic begins in the pre-Christmas period. During the winter months, its large, star-shaped flowers delight the eye. The blooming season usually ends in January, but can extend into March if wilted flowers are cut off early. This way, the plant puts its energy into flowering rather than seed formation.
Cut back and repot amaryllis after flowering
About early to mid-February is the right time to cut off the faded amaryllis. Follow these steps:
1. remove all wilted flowers along with the stem. It is best to use sharp secateurs. Disinfect the shears after each cut if you plan to cut back multiple specimens.
2. In February and March, the exotic plant forms its root system. That is why now is the right time to repot the flower . The new potting soil will provide the bulbous flower with essential nutrients and encourage new sprouting and leaf formation. Take a pot that is just a little larger than the bulb Drill drainage holes in the pot.
3. Check the roots for signs of disease. If you notice any damaged areas, cut them off. They are entry paws for pests and rot.
Proper spring care is critical for the amaryllis after it blooms
The delphinium needs regular care even after it has been cut. Unlike many native plants, where after flowering begins a period of dormancy, the life cycle of the exotic is based on the rainy and dry seasons. In the months of February – August, the bulb collects nutrients and then stores them for the dormant period, which begins at the end of August. To help it do this, you should care for it properly and provide it with water and fertilizer regularly. The following tips will help you do this:
- Never let the soil dry out, the amaryllis needs regular watering. Water the plant only from the bottom, the leaves and above ground parts of the plant should remain dry.
- Administer fertilizer every two weeks. It is best to use liquid fertilizer. However, wait about 3 weeks after repotting before fertilizing the plants. Potting soil contains all the necessary nutrients and will take care of the amaryllis during this time.
- Place the flower out of the sun until it forms new leaves. The leaves are very important and should appear about two weeks after pruning.
- Around the end of May or when temperatures rise above 20° Celsius, the amaryllis may be placed on the balcony or terrace. Select a place that is out of the sun and protected from the wind.
- During the summer months, the reserves are created for the next flowering season. This is due to the fact that after the dormancy period in late summer and autumn, the amaryllis then forms flowers.
A second flowering in June and July encourage
What few people know: Sometimes amaryllis blooms once again in the summer. The flowering period lasts much shorter than usual. An important prerequisite for this second flowering is proper care in the spring. If the plant was able to store enough reserves during this time, then it can form flowers again. However, so that the amaryllis then still has energy for the flowering period in winter, you should cut off the wilted flowers immediately.
Amaryllis after flowering: do not overwinter until late summer
In August, you can gradually reduce watering and stop completely at the end of August. The same applies to fertilizing, by the way. Over the next four weeks, the above-ground parts of the plant will die back. These need to be cut off around the middle to end of September. Then you can overwinter the amaryllis. To do this, dig up the bulb, loosen potting soil from the roots and place the plant on newspaper. Let the bulb dry overnight, and then wrap it in newspaper. You can overwinter the winter flower in the basement for a month. The optimal room temperature in the winter quarters should not exceed 15 degrees Celsius.
Store the bulbs out of reach of children and pets. The underground parts of the plant are very poisonous and an accident could be fatal.
Getting the delphinium to bloom again in winter
About five to a maximum of 6 weeks after overwintering, the plant will come out of hibernation. You will need to plant the bulb in a large pot. Use fresh potting soil. Then place the plant in the dark and water it sparingly. Only when the new shoots and leaves appear, you can put the amaryllis back in light. This usually happens in early December, just before the beginning of flowering.
Special case of amaryllis in glass
Not all amaryllis flowers can sprout in the glass. The bulbs are specially grown and pre-treated in garden centers, so you can then sprout them in a special glass at home. An important condition is that the bulb is not placed in the water, but directly above it. For this purpose, the onions are sold in special jars. These are not only functional, but also very decorative.
However, the delphinium can not stay in the jar forever . You will soon notice that the flower is forming its roots. After the end of the flowering period, it is cut back and planted in conventional soil. Be extra careful when you take the exotic out of the jar. The flower still has young roots, which are very delicate and easily damaged.
Also like the potted plant, the amaryllis must then be fertilized every two weeks, so that the bulb can recover and store new reserves for the rest period.
The amaryllis, still known as the delphinium in this country, is a beautiful and durable houseplant. It would be too bad to dispose of the bulb after it has finished blooming. After all, with proper care, it can bloom for years in winter. Unlike other plants, the dormant period for the amaryllis does not begin until late summer. Until then, it needs nutrients and sunlight to absorb the nutrients.