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What can you plant in June? Vegetables, salads and flowers you can put in the garden this month

When it comes to the question of what to plant in June, there is a wide range of options. With its long, warm days and extra hours of sunshine, June is a busy time in the middle of the gardening year. Now is a good time to plant flowers and plants you’ve sown indoors in the spring, and to harvest and reseed earlier vegetable crops to extend the harvest season into fall. You can also create colorful arrangements with hanging baskets and containers.

What plants can be planted in June?

Plant seedlings directly into the ground

Now that the ground has finally warmed up and there is no threat of frost even in cooler areas, you can plant out many young seedlings that were sown indoors in late winter or early spring. These include vegetable and salad plants, as well as many bedding plants and more tender flowers. This month is also super for direct seeding outdoors. Here are some ideas.

Vegetables that you can plant in June.

Grow radishes when to plant

June is the time to make sure you’re planting for the coming fall and winter, while harvesting the produce from previous plantings. This month can be used to reseed vegetables such as carrots, beans, beets, spinach, cauliflower and all salad crops to extend the harvest season and ensure a fresh crop into the fall. This is especially important if you have a small vegetable garden to make the most of the space available.

If you started growing strawberries earlier in the year, they should be fruiting by June, so continue to pick regularly to encourage fruiting.

Plant white cabbage in June

Head cabbage varieties can provide cabbage year-round and are easy to care for. Plant them as part of your vegetable garden, spacing them 40 inches apart and 30 inches between rows. Be careful not to grow cabbage in the same spot where you previously grew it – or other cabbage varieties.

Grow white cabbage in very firm soil, with plenty of old manure or compost. Intercept cabbage white butterflies and caterpillars and protect the plants with netting. Also try to keep pests away from your cabbage plants by growing companion plants.

Cabbage can be planted in the garden in June

Grow radishes for the summer harvest.

Now that the frost has finally passed and the soil has warmed, you can sow radish seeds directly into the ground. With their crisp flavor and bold aroma, radishes are a wonderful addition to summer salads.

Growing radishes is easy to learn, and some varieties can be harvested just a few weeks after sowing.

List of vegetables to plant in June:

  • Peas
  • Cabbage
  • Leeks
  • Corn
  • Carrots
  • Parsnips
  • Radish
  • Beet

What lettuces to plant in June?

What lettuces to plant in June

If you are growing leaf lettuces in your greenhouse, provide shade during the hottest days to prevent the plants from burning. Also make sure the greenhouse is well ventilated by opening vents and doors.


Chicory is a versatile salad whose leaves can be eaten cooked or raw. It has wonderfully crunchy and slightly bitter leaves that have a distinctive flavor.

For example, in June you can sow the seeds of red chicory varieties outdoors, directly in well-prepared, well-drained soil in a sunny place. Sow the seeds 1.5 cm deep and scatter them or plant them in rows 30 cm apart, thinning the seedlings as they grow.

This delicious lettuce should be ready for harvest from late summer to fall.

Radicchio when to sow in the garden

Garden lettuce

Freshly picked lettuce leaves are so much tastier than store-bought varieties that it’s worth getting into growing lettuce.

You can sow lettuce directly in your vegetable garden or in raised beds outside in June. In fact, lettuce can be sown from mid-spring and throughout the summer, so with proper planning and successive sowing, you can enjoy the nutritious and tasty salad leaves almost all year round.

Depending on the variety, you will need to space the plants 6 to 18 inches apart.

Lettuce is also ideal if you are thinking about ideas for a vegetable garden in a container.

For a continuous harvest, experts advise that you pick the outer leaves and let the inner ones grow.

List of lettuces to plant in June:

  • Endive
  • Chicory
  • Cress
  • Lettuce varieties like ‘Lollo’.
  • Spinach
  • Radicchio
  • Romaine lettuce
  • Sugarloaf

What flowers to plant in June?

What flowers to sow and plant in June

In June, flowers bloom in abundance. Now is also the time to plant the summer flowers that were sown indoors in the spring, such as geraniums, begonias and lobelia, in their final places and incorporate them into the beds.

In June, we also begin sowing next spring’s biennials, which need time to become established.

Red foxglove (Digitalis purpurea).

Foxgloves are classic cottage garden plants, a magnet for pollinators and wonderful cut flowers.

‘Sutton’s Apricot’ is a beautiful, soft pink foxglove that blooms at the same time as peonies and looks lovely along with them. Growing foxgloves is easy to learn, and the tiny, dusty seeds can be sown directly into a seedbed in June. Thin to 30 inches in three to four weeks and transplant to the flowering site in early fall.

Foxglove with pink flowers

Golden violet (Erysimum cheiri)

Garden golden violet comes in the most wonderful rich colors and with one of the best fragrances around.

‘Winter Orchid’ is a brilliant, short-lived perennial variety. The flowers appear a coppery orange and turn purple as they age.

Because it blooms from spring into summer, golden orchid is often the first to be in full bloom along with hellebores and daphne.

Golden violet Winter Orchid beautiful fragrant plant for the garden

Annual silverleaf (Lunaria annua).

The silverleaf cultivar ‘Chedglow’ is an unusual color form of the plant that has chocolate-colored leaves instead of green leaves and pods.

Silverleaf seed pods resemble silvery moons and those of ‘Chedglow’ are purple in color, providing fantastic architectural value for winter or for use in dried flower arrangements.

If you’re short on space, you can plant these plants in pots in a sheltered spot until fall and then set them in their final location.

Annual silver leaf special variety Chedglow

List of flowers to plant in June:

  • Foxglove
  • Fuchsias
  • Daisies
  • Geraniums
  • Golden varnish
  • Silverleaf
  • Sunflowers
  • Hollyhocks
  • Forget-me-not