When growing a beginner vegetable garden, there are some important factors to consider. From creating a fertile garden soil to carefully planning your harvests, there are some essential steps to follow. However, this can be a way to save money while getting up close and personal with nature. In addition, spring can be a perfect time to grow your own healthy vegetables. All you need is some patience and smart tactics to get the most out of your garden space. Follow these tips and note the mistakes to avoid to plan the vegetable garden of your dreams.
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- What to consider for a beginner vegetable garden
What to consider in a vegetable garden for beginners
When planting tomatoes, carrots or squash for the first time, there are certain rules you can follow that will help you plan, prepare and plant a successful plot. In the process, you will also find that the taste and texture of garden-grown produce is even better than grocery store produce. In addition, regular and proper plant care of your vegetable garden still counts as exercise, which has a calming effect on the psyche in the stressful everyday life. So get your future vegetable garden off to a strong start by reading some useful information about it.
If you are an amateur gardener, it would be best to start small. It’s better to look forward to what you produce in a small garden than to be frustrated by the time commitment. Learning a few gardening basics is also recommended before you invest a lot of time and money in this new hobby. You will then get a feel for how much time gardening takes . In doing so, you’ll also find out if you enjoy spending time outdoors planting, watering and weeding. You’ll also find out how much produce you and your family can eat over the course of a summer.
Choosing the right location for your garden
Choosing a good location for your garden is absolutely critical. A sub-par location can lead to poor and diseased vegetables. No matter where you choose to plant your garden or what you choose to plant, there are two basic requirements that your location must meet for better results: Water and light. Also, check vegetable plants or seeds before you buy them to make sure they can thrive in your growing zone. Like all plants, vegetables need the sun to boost photosynthesis.
The fastest growing vegetables need at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day without blockage from trees, shrubs or fences. Therefore, you will have little success planting sun-loving vegetables in shady areas. If your garden offers partial shade, plant vegetables and herbs that can tolerate these conditions, such as lettuce, kale, chard, spinach, chives, cilantro, parsley and thyme. Root vegetables such as carrots, radishes and beets could also work if your site gets at least 4 hours of direct sunlight per day.
Test the garden soil and create raised beds
Not all soil is the same, though your future garden soil may be acidic, alkaline, sandy or heavy clay. Purchase equipment to test or learn about how well vegetables would grow in your soil. You can learn to amend your soil with organic material, or plant in raised beds for the most control, rather than growing them directly into the ground. Experienced gardeners agree that building up the soil is the most important factor in increasing yields.
Deep, organic-rich soil promotes the growth of healthy, extended roots that can reach more nutrients and water. The result: extra lush, extra high-yielding growth above ground. The fastest way to get that deep layer of fertile soil is to build your own raised beds . Raised beds yield up to four times more than the same garden area planted in rows. This is not only because of their loose, fertile soil, but also because of efficient spacing. By using less space for garden paths, you have more room for plants.
Why a beginner vegetable garden should be planned in advance
Poor garden planning can be another mistake that beginning vegetable gardeners often make. In addition, you should prepare a garden plan based on the best growing seasons for your plants. This, for example, the too late in the season and incorrect planting of a crop, only to expel it in the summer heat. So it’s best to read the growing guidelines for your vegetables.
Some vegetables, such as mustard greens, do best in the spring, while other plant varieties, such as peppers and tomatoes, prefer the summer heat. One of the most common mistakes that occurs with a beginner vegetable garden is planting too much too soon. This can be far more than anyone could ever eat or want. If you don’t want zucchini to take up residence in your attic, plan your garden carefully. Start small and only grow what you know you and your family will eat.
Initial garden design
It might be useful to see a garden design before planting your vegetable garden. Here is an example of a starter family garden that uses mostly the common, easy-to-grow vegetables listed above. The plan also provides companion plantings. This is the practice of growing neighboring plants that do better together, side by side. In doing so, you will find that you can create decent sized paths in your garden, as well as mix in some herbs and flowers. By planning the garden in this way, you can make the task so much easier for yourself as a beginner so that you can be successful.
Think of a convenient and efficient irrigation system.
The closer you can place your vegetable garden to a water source, the easier garden maintenance will be. You’ll need to be able to water frequently for the first few weeks after seeds germinate or seedlings are transplanted so that these fragile plants grow strong roots and stems. Once your plants are established, it is better to water your garden longer every few days instead of spraying it a little each day. This allows the water to penetrate deeper into the soil, which encourages the roots to grow deeper. There, they can better access nutrients they need to stay healthy. Also, consider installing drip irrigation with timers to minimize water waste and the time it takes to water.
Be prepared for pests and diseases
Some vegetable garden problems for beginners require specific solutions. In general, however, you can follow some simple guidelines to keep pests away from your vegetables. First, stop weeds in their tracks. Weeds compete with your vegetables for light, water and nutrients. Therefore, it is important to keep them at a minimum. A thatch of clean straw or compost can keep weeds at bay around larger plants like tomatoes. Use a hoe to discourage any seedlings of weeds that emerge. Larger wildlife pests like deer and rabbits can also wreak havoc in an edible garden. Therefore, a fence could prevent such species from jumping into the garden. In addition, such a fence should also extend at least six inches below the ground to prevent rabbits and other burrowing creatures from doing so.
Also, reduce the likelihood of fungal diseases by watering the soil, not the leaves of the plants. If you use a watering can, do so early in the day so that the leaves dry by nightfall. If a plant falls victim to disease, remove it immediately and throw in the trash. Do not add diseased plants to your compost pile. Additional disease prevention measures include growing vegetable varieties that are classified as resistant and changing the location of your plants annually (rotational cropping) to prevent disease-causing microbes from building their populations.