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Pruning roses: Tips around the correct spring pruning of the different types of roses for balcony and garden.

Rose is the queen of all flowers. Its filigree flowers decorate the garden and the flower bed. No wonder that the different types of roses enjoy great popularity. However, in order for the roses to please the eye with a splendor of flowers in the summer, proper care is very important.  Pruning in the spring promotes growth and keeps the plant healthy. We explain how to prune the different roses.

Pruning roses: Useful tips

Pruning roses tips for spring

Like most ornamental shrubs and perennials, roses benefit from a caring pruning. This offers several advantages:

  • It stimulates plant growth and flower formation.
  • Diseased, frostbitten or withered shoots make the plant susceptible to disease and therefore need to be removed regularly.
  • Thanks to topiary, all shoots can get enough sunlight.
  • The amateur gardener has easy access to the root zone and can water the roses from below, fertilize them or just remove weeds.

But why is spring the right time? Mid to late February is the right time to prune. You can also cut back individual shoots in March, but as long as it is only a maintenance measure. In spring, roses don’t have leaves and flowers yet, so you can quickly spot diseased shoots, withered plant parts and faded panicles.

Pruning roses: This is what you should pay attention to

Pruning and thinning out shrub roses in spring

No matter what type of rose it is, there are several basic rules that you should follow when pruning.

1. always use sharp secateurs for a clean cut. This will allow the rose to recover quickly.

2.Cut the shoots at an angle to allow rainwater and morning dew to drain away.

3. Follow all care instructions regarding wintering for each rose variety. Some roses are more sensitive, while others can handle sub-zero temperatures without additional frost protection.

cut shrub roses where exactly and how

4. Before pruning in the spring, inspect the plants for pests, frost damage and disease. Only then cut the yellowish-brown colored parts of the plant down to the green wood.

5. From time to time it can happen that certain rose varieties form wild shoots. These can only be detected in the spring. The wild shoots form smaller flowers and have leaves of a different color. You should cut these off.

6. After pruning in spring, the plants should be protected from night frost with suitable winter protection.

When and how to cut shrub roses?

English roses cut back how to care for noble roses in the spring


As a rule, the bush roses are cut twice a year. In autumn, after the end of flowering shoots are shortened by a third. However, much more important is the pruning in the spring, which is to encourage flowering. Varieties that bloom several times a year are cut back by a third. At the same time, the natural hemispherical shape of the bush should be preserved. Therefore, the side shoots are shortened slightly more than the main shoots in the middle.

different types of roses cut how much shorten

The situation is different with shrub roses, which bloom once a year. Here you should proceed with great caution and cut the new shoots to the flower buds. You can also cut off the faded panicles from the previous year.However, it is better to leave them. The bush will then bear fruit. Although these are inedible for humans, they are an important source of food for birds, hedgehogs and other small animals.

Prune climbing roses: When and how?

Climbing roses pruning in the spring useful tips


When pruning climbing roses, the similar rules apply as for shrub roses. Varieties that bloom twice or even three times a year are pruned back in spring and fall. Varieties that bloom once are pruned only in the spring. Regular pruning encourages flowering and prevents shoots from becoming bare. Severe pruning can be poorly tolerated by most climbing roses. Therefore, it is important to rejuvenate the plant at least once a year by thinning out the crown.

Pruning climbing roses tips

Prune ground cover roses: Yes or no?

Cut or not cut ground cover roses

Ground cover roses also need pruning every few years. This involves cutting off only bare plant parts close to the ground, removing diseased shoots completely and thinning out the roses somewhat. In the process, the oldest shoots are shortened to encourage new sprouting in the spring.

Pruning English roses: the classic noble roses for the flower bed

Cut shrub roses in spring before flowering time

English rose varieties are true classics among bedding roses. Robust and easy to care for, this class of roses enjoys great popularity. However, English varieties also need pruning. Young plants need three years to grow. From the fourth year, you should cut back the flowers every spring. Shorten the stems by two-thirds, leaving 4 eyes. Unlike shrub and ground cover roses, English bedding roses also tolerate heavy pruning. However, this is rarely necessary.

Balcony roses in tubs: when is it worth pruning?

Cutting roses in the tub in the spring tips

Unlike roses in the garden, balcony roses are much smaller and have a compact growth habit. These are usually only thinned out. If individual plant parts are dead or frostbitten, they are also removed. Otherwise, you can shorten all the shoots that are thinner than a ballpoint pen.