For the amateur gardener they are a real horror: snails and slugs. During the winter months they spend their time in holes and crevices in the wood. But when the weather warms up in the spring and the ground is frost-free, they crawl out of their winter quarters again. Their voracious appetite knows no bounds. Vegetables, flowers and perennials can be wiped out in a matter of days. The battle for the kitchen garden and ornamental garden is then lost for most amateur gardeners. However, if you prepare early for the plague, you can then easily drive away the pests in the spring and summer . After all, there are many plants that do not like slugs. So good planning in the spring can save trouble in the summer.
Table of Contents
- Plants that do not like slugs: slug-resistant perennials.
- Slug-resistant flowers that don’t eat the pests
- Snail resistant ground covers
- Slug resistant vegetables and herbs: these crops don’t like the slugs
Plants that slugs don’t like: slug-resistant perennials
For now, not all slugs are pests. There are also species that are considered beneficial and those that do not eat the garden plants. Slugs, in particular, are considered pests. In the spring they begin to actively search for food. Plants that are just sprouting often fall victim to them and become heavily infested. However, if you let the plants sprout in the winter garden or garden shed and plant them in the garden only in the spring, then you can prevent an infestation.
Fortunately, there are many slug-resistant perennials that the pests don’t like. Planning your flower and vegetable bed is especially important in the spring.
The following perennials are slug resistant:
The hydrangeas are horsty perennials , which do not like the slugs. The climbing hydrangea is perfect for planting on fences and walls.
Starthistle (Astrantia major) is perfect for planting under trees. It prefers a moist soil. Its flowers attract bees to the garden and its leaves are not eaten by slugs.
Purple bellflowers are horsty perennial foliage ornamentals that prefer a partial shade to shady location. Their leaves are obviously not edible to slugs because they do not eat them.
Ferns are low-maintenance, hardy plants that thrive in shady locations.
These funcias are resistant to snails
Like all other plants, funkias can be attacked by slugs. But for varieties with thick-fleshed leaves, this is rather a rarity. To prevent slugs from eating them, fertilize sparingly and allow the soil to dry. We list 5 varieties of funkias that slugs don’t like.
- Funkia “Sum and Substance” is a very slug-resistant plant. It reaches a maximum growth height of one meter and has very large golden leaves and purple flowers.
- The large blueleaf funkie variety “Sieboldiana var elegans” or just “Elegans” is a plant with spreading growth and large heart-shaped blue-green leaves.
- Red-stemmed funkie variety “One Man’s Treasure” is a hybrid plant that slugs do not like at all. Perhaps this is due to its very heavy, dark green leaves. The funkie is not only slug resistant, but also a real eye-catcher with its burgundy petioles.
- The variety “Devon Green” is a monochromatic funkie with robust leaves.
- Hosta variety “Sleeping Beauty” scores with a compact growth and a maximum growth height of just under 40 cm. The plant is ideally suited for the small garden.
Slug-resistant flowers that do not eat the pests.
Autumn anemone has particularly tough leaves and filigree flowers in berry red. However, care should be taken when planting in flower beds, as the flower is invasive.
Cyclamen are early bloomers – they appear in the spring and then may bloom again in the fall. They feel perfect under trees or as borders.
Fuchsias are attractive flowers , pleasing the eye with their delicate blooms from March to October.
Slug resistant summer flowers that do not like the slugs.
The columbine variety “Yellow Star”: columbine blooms in early summer. The summer flower sows itself. The slug-resistant flower prefers a location in partial shade, for example, at the edge of the garden or just outside the garden fence.
The bearded spurge variety “Pensham Laura” forms long, bell-shaped flowers that attract bees and butterflies.
The milky sap of spurge is mildly toxic to humans and can cause allergies if it comes into direct contact with the skin and can cause temporary blindness with the eyes. The plant is inedible to snails.
The leaves of foxglove contain the toxin digoxin. The plant substance is used in the production of drugs for heart failure. It is also probably toxic to snails because they do not eat the plant.
The daisy forms its pink flowers in June. The flower is a real eye-catcher in shady locations, where it provides blooms and.
Snail resistant ground cover
Balkan cranesbill is a particularly hardy plant that thrives in shade and partial shade. This slug-resistant groundcover is perfect for the rock garden or as a border.
Creeping günsel is an easy-care ground cover that is popular with amateur gardeners for its beautiful blue-purple flowers.
Lady’s mantle is one of the most popular ground covers par excellence. Its large green leaves and lime green flowers feel comfortable both in the sun and in the shade.
Phlox is basically one of those plants that slugs do not like. Slugs eat its leaves only when they cannot find other food.
Snail resistant vegetables and herbs: these crops do not like the slugs.
Lavender is not only one of the most beautiful plants from the Mediterranean region, but also one of the most robust. Maybe it’s because of its woody stems or its flowers that give off a strong fragrance, or maybe it’s because of its thick-fleshed leaves, but lavender is often spared by slugs in the garden.
Vegetables that slugs do not like
Slugs often infest the vegetable garden. However, there are vegetables that do not like the pests. Unless because their leaves are too hairy, too thick-fleshed, taste bitter or smell unpleasant. Such are, for example:
- Spring onion
- Cucumbers (young plants are at risk, best to grow them in a greenhouse)
- common lamb’s lettuce
- sugar loaf
Herbs that the snails do not like:
Fruit trees are not usually attacked by slugs. By the way, the same applies to the various berry bushes.
Slugs in the garden: how to keep the pests away from the vegetable patch.
By the way, there are some tricks in the design of the vegetable bed , which will protect against slug infestation.
Choose a sunny and open location for the vegetable garden. Preferably somewhere in the center of the garden and not at the garden edge. Tall grass, a wooden fence or a stone wall provide perfect hiding places for slugs.
Loosen the soil around the kitchen garden by incorporating sand or humus. Slugs do not like fine crumbly soil.
Slugs prefer soil with water content around 40%. Therefore, try to keep the soil around and in the kitchen garden as dry as possible. So drip irrigation with sprinklers is not an option. It is better that you water the vegetables directly in the root zone. This way, the plants can better absorb the water.