Amateur gardeners have long ceased to use only the classic beds directly on the garden soil. They have long since discovered the advantages of raised beds. Two such types of beds, which have been proven to provide more yields than the classic beds are the raised beds and also mound beds. The latter is still rather unknown to some, yet it is a truly wonderful option that is worth giving a try. How exactly to create a raised bed in the garden , we have already explained. And as you may already know, not all types of plants should be planted at the very beginning. Therefore, we have put together a planting plan that will serve as a guide for you when you want to plant the raised bed.
Vegetable plants are particularly suitable, but you can also plant the mound with flowers – especially if it is also to serve as a privacy screen.
Table of contents
Planting a raised bed – The advantages
In a raised bed, layers of different materials are created, which then gradually decay and slowly release nutrients on a regular basis. A biological system is created. Since heat is also generated during the rotting process, this also promotes plant growth. They develop faster than in a normal garden bed. By the way, the same applies to the raised bed . However, the advantage of the raised bed over the raised bed is that there you can also plant the sides with one or two rows. This allows you to divide the space depending on the size of the plants when you plant the raised bed. This way, the smaller specimens will get further up to take full advantage of the sun and not be overshadowed by the larger plants.
The disadvantages are that once the construction is somewhat more complex. Furthermore, the raised bed attracts voles, which can harm your plants. The bed also gradually collapses, the upper area quickly becomes dry and thus requires more frequent watering. It is also necessary to regularly mound the outer edges.
These rules you should follow
So, the fact that a hill in the garden is extremely practical, we understand. But what should be considered when planting from the mound bed?
- Mound beds have a “life” of 5 years, maximum 6. Then the supply of nutrients is exhausted and you need to build a new mound bed.
- Mixed crops are not only allowed, but encouraged and are the usual planting method. You can also plant the raised bed with permaculture .
- Every year, the plants should be changed in each place. This means that you should not plant the same plant twice in a row in the same spot in the raised bed. Proper crop rotation is hugely important for nutrient delivery to plants because each requires and takes different nutrients from the soil.
- Consider plant compatibility. Some compete with each other, which interferes with their development. Others are mutually beneficial.
- Every plantlet benefits from a mini-terrace. This gives it a level surface for water to seep into. With a slope, it tends to run down instead before it gets into the soil.
Mound bed planting plan – What vegetables can go in the bed in each year?
Hill bed planting – First year
Mound beds are naturally particularly rich in nutrients immediately after they are planted . Therefore, it is important to avoid plants that have low nutrient requirements, as they tend to accumulate too much nitrate when overfertilized. And this is harmful to health. Therefore, reach for vegetables that are highly consumptive. So what plants are suitable for the raised bed?
- Cabbage vegetables
In the fall, when the first season of the raised bed is over, it is recommended to spread a new layer of compost over the mound and enrich it with nitrogen if necessary.
Year 2 of the raised bed
In the second year, the plants mentioned above are also suitable again, but then switch the places. In addition to the vegetables from the first year, you can also plant your mound with the following medium eaters:
Planting the raised bed from the third year.
Now is the time when you can also plant nitrate-collecting vegetables. Such and other weak growers for the third year are, for example:
- French beans
- Swiss chard
- Sweet peas
Planting a hillside bed with flowers
Of course, you can plant not only a vegetable bed on the slope. Ornamental plants for the raised bed are also a wonderful idea. You can also combine flowers wonderfully with vegetables . So, as you can see, such a hill is quite versatile. If you want to plant the raised bed properly, the following generally applies: all flowers that like sunny locations are suitable, while shade-loving ones are unsuitable.
You can plant flowers of your choice for the raised bed because, unlike vegetables, nitrate accumulation is not a problem with flowers. However, if you are planting flowering culinary herbs and medicinal plants that you will eventually eat, follow the same principle as for vegetables: start with high-yielding ones and then gradually move on to low-yielding ones.
If, on the other hand, you design the raised bed with perennials, you get the practical advantage that they root deeper than vegetable plants, for example, making the bed more stable. Medium-high shrubs, on the other hand, are ideal if you want to use the raised bed as a privacy screen or windbreak. Berry bushes are also ideal for this purpose.