Autumn is once again the ideal season, along with spring, to plant a few new beauties or useful plants in the garden. So if you have planned a fruit tree or two, now you can put this plan into action. What to consider if you want to plant fruit trees and how exactly do you go about it? We have summarized the most important info for you and explain how to proceed when planting.
Table of contents
When to plant fruit trees – Which season is better?
When to plant fruit trees, we have already mentioned. Namely, both spring and fall are the best time to add a new fruit tree to your garden. Nevertheless, autumn is the better time – why?
The simple reason is that trees lose their leaves in the fall, or even have already lost them. So, instead of putting your energy into the formation of leaves and flowers, you put it into the roots. This allows the plant to root faster and get used to its new location.
Which varieties are best suited?
First of all, plan which trees you would like to plant. After all, this depends not only on what kind of fruit you like to eat, but also on how much space you have available. After all, each tree will be different in height and, most importantly, width. Accordingly, when you plant fruit trees, you also need to choose the distance.
If you want small fruit trees for the garden, you can, in principle, choose all the usual varieties of fruit trees, because it is possible to grow them small crown with proper pruning. Another variant for mini fruit trees is also growing them in tubs or else espalier fruit .
You could plant, among others, the following fruit trees in the fall:
- Apple tree
- Cherry tree
- Sour cherry
Keep in mind that a small fruit tree will not grow too old either. As a rule, they bear fruit for 15 to 25 years. The cultivated small-sized trees bring with them the advantage of bearing the first fruit after only two years, so you will be rewarded for your effort and care quite quickly.
Planting fruit trees – what to consider when planting?
Before you start planting full of verve, here are a few helpful tips that you should consider beforehand. After all, not only the soil should be well prepared, but also the transplanting itself should proceed properly. Here’s what to consider:
Prepare the soil
- Instead of digging the planting hole only at the time of planting, better prepare it in advance! One or two weeks before, mix the soil taken with compost and horn shavings (perfect slow-release fertilizer from which the tree will still benefit in the spring) to enrich it with nutrients and provide the new tree with everything it needs right away. This will allow the soil to mix well with the fertilizer before you plant the fruit trees. Put some of the mixture in the hole before you plant the tree and then fill it up.
Choose the right depth
- Regardless of the type of fruit, you can use the root ball as a guide. After all, only this will go under the soil. However, if it does get a little too deep, that doesn’t necessarily have to be fatal. When planting fruit trees, however, make sure that you do not bury the spot on the trunk where the tree was grafted.
- This is for a simple reason: grafting means that you actually have two trees. While the lower part with the root ball is a weak-growing tree, the upper part is the actual fruit tree that is supplied by the lower one. The reason why the root ball should be weak is so that your fruit tree does not grow too much in height in the end and can still be harvested comfortably years later. If there is soil above the graft, the actual fruit tree will form its own roots and the desired effect of a low-growing tree will be lost.
Watering and mulching
- After you have filled in the planted hole, tread the soil down while it is still firm. Then you should water the tree abundantly.
- We recommend that you add a layer of mulch at the end. This not only keeps the soil moist, but also prevents the growth of weeds. This would rob the tree of important nutrients.
Protecting the new site
- In themselves, most fruit varieties (especially the native ones) are very hardy and insensitive to our climatic conditions. Nevertheless, you should protect it from wind and weather at the beginning. More precisely, you should build him a support , because otherwise stronger winds could knock him down or at least severely damage him. The support should remain on the tree for the first two years, replacing only the cord or wire when the trunk thickens and space becomes scarce.
- If wild animals have access to your property, it is also recommended to install a so-called feeding protection.