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Planting Freesias: When and how to care for this fragrant flower indoors in a pot and outdoors in the garden

Freesia (Freesiа x hybrida) is a beguiling flower from South Africa with its fragrance and colors. The bulbous flower comes from the iris family and is perennial. It grows up to 50 cm high and blooms gracefully and elegantly from July to September in white, yellow, orange, red, purple and multicolored. As soon as its beautiful flowers open, it gives off a desirable fragrance similar to that of lilac with a lemony note. If you want to plant freesias, read our tips that we have gathered for you.

Planting freesias: When and how deep to plant bulbs in containers?

Freesia planting in the garden

You can purchase freesia flower bulbs in online stores or in plant stores. When you buy the bulbs, choose the largest possible, this promises more flowers. Once you have purchased the bulbs, plant them on the same day if possible, or as soon as possible. Freesias are winter flowering plants , so for planting indoors the period August to late October is good for a flowering from January to April. You should use flower pots that have a circumference of 20 cm and have drainage holes.

Care for freesias in pots: Mixing the potting soil

Repotting freesias before each season

Experts advise the following optimal composition of potting soil for freesias:

  • Potting soil 40 percent
  • worm compost 30 percent
  • Cattle manure 20 percent
  • Bone meal 10 percent

Freesia plant outside in garden

If this seems too elaborate, or you are unsure, you can also get commercially available ready-made growing soil suitable for freesias. Keep in mind that the plant will need to be repotted in fresh soil for each new blooming season.

Planting freesias: Insert bulb how deep?

Plant freesias indoors in flower pot


Mix the soil well and fill about 70 percent of the pot with the soil mixture. Form a hole 2.5 inches deep and insert a bulb with the thicker end down. Then fill the remaining 3o percent soil loosely on top. After you have done this, water the plant with water and place it in a shady spot. The bulbs will begin to grow after about 15 days and after about 30 days they should be about 10 to 20 inches tall. However, be patient, because sometimes it can take a little longer.

Cultivate the freesias as indoor and balcony plants: Care tips

Yellow freesia elegant for interiors

If you keep the freesias indoors, you can care for them as follows:

  • After you plant it, water it generously and then water every three days. Check the soil before you water and make sure you keep the soil moist for this plant.
  • Do not place the plant in direct sunlight.
  • The freesia likes a room temperature of about 15-20 degrees Celsius.
  • You can fertilize the plant with some liquid fertilizer about every month. During the flowering period, it should be fertilized about every two weeks. For the fertilizing time, choose the morning and put it in from the side.
  • Since the leaves grow quite high and can fall to the side, it is recommended to use a bamboo stick to fix them to it and ensure them some support.
  • You can store the freesias indoors for overwintering. However, keep in mind that the plants will need new soil for each flowering season, so they will need to be repotted.

Pre-grown freesias in the garden

Freesias timelessly beautiful


Since freesias grow outside in zones 9 to 10, they need a bit more warmth in our climes. This means that here we can best plant you outside in the spring, only after the last frost. Freesias usually bloom 10 to 12 weeks after planting and have a bloom period that extends for about six weeks or longer. If you plant them outside in the garden, choose a sunny location with rich soil that you don’t let dry out too much, but don’t keep too moist either. Plant the bulbs outside, for a successful effect, in groups of at least 6 bulbs 2.5 to 5 inches deep and 5-7.5 inches apart.

Planting freesias: care of fragrant flowers.

Freesias beautiful plants beautiful fragrance

During the summer season it is advisable to always keep an eye on the elegant flowers, more precisely on the condition of the soil. It should not be too dry, but also not too wet, because then the delicate tubers can rot. Water the plants during periods of particularly dry and hot weather. You can safely remove withered flowers, because then you will be rewarded with subsequent flowers during the flowering period.

Prepare for overwintering

Bring in bulbs to overwinter

Since freesias are perennials, but not hardy plants, you will need to overwinter them indoors. To do this, dig up the tubers in the fall before the first frost and store them indoors, in an air-permeable box in a cool, dark place where they can rest for at least 4 months. Then in the spring you can plant them again. Note that it is best to do this after the last frost, so as not to harm the plants and possibly let them freeze. We hope you enjoy your beautiful, fragrant plants.