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Mediterranean firethorn for the hedge: this is what you need to pay attention to the care of the rose plant

It is evergreen and forms numerous beautiful white flowers and red berries that provide food for pollinating insects and birds: Mediterranean firethorn much more than an eye-catcher in the garden. The ornamental shrub is perfect as a hedge plant and is very low maintenance. We explain what you should pay attention to so that you can enjoy the rose plant for years to come.

Mediterranean firethorn: the ornamental shrub is perfect for the wild hedge

Mediterranean firethorn as a hedge or climbing plants

Origin and uses in the home garden

As its name suggests, the evergreen shrub comes from southern Europe. The wild plant is heavily thorned, while cultivars have significantly fewer thorns. The shrub can be staged as a solitary shrub in a small garden in the garden, is perfect for bee grazing and can be combined with other hedge plants if desired. However, if you want to show off its wild beauty, group several plants of one variety.

Bee friendly hedge plants firethorn what to consider for care

Growth and height

Mediterranean firethorn is a good choice for a wild hedge. Its upright, densely branched habit makes it the perfect privacy plant. In the home garden, it grows between 150 and 200 cm tall, depending on the variety, and gains about 30 cm in height. All varieties tolerate topiary well.

Unlike other Mediterranean plants, Pyracantha coccinea is a hardy plant. Its white flowers open in May and wither at the end of August. They give off a slightly sweet aroma and are rich in pollen, providing food for bumblebees, butterflies and bees. The dark green leaves are small and elongated.

The fruits of the ornamental shrub are inedible to humans and animals. Although they are not poisonous, they have a sour taste and are therefore only a decorative addition to the garden scene in winter.

Planting the Mediterranean firethorn

Firethorn flowers care tips for the hedge plant


The firethorn prefers a location in the sun. Although it can thrive in partial shade without any problems, the flower formation decreases significantly. In winter, its foliage is particularly sensitive and can burn on sunny days. The yellowed leaves fall off in the spring and the shrub forms new ones.

Soil condition

Mediterranean firethorn prefers moderately fresh soil. Good drainage is an absolute must, otherwise the fine roots of the rose bush may rot. Allow the soil to dry before watering the plant. The ornamental shrub is very adaptable and does well with poor, nutrient-poor soil. The pH of the soil does not matter.

When is the appropriate time to plant Mediterranean firethorn?

Firethorn fruits in autumn food for bird

Firethorns are sold in nurseries and garden centers throughout the season. Pre-grown seedlings can be planted in spring and summer. Before planting, you can work humus or organic compost into the garden soil. Then dig a hole 70 cm deep with a soil auger and fill it halfway with sand. The minimum distance between plants is 30 cm for a hedge, and for individual specimens in the flower bed – 50 cm. Then set the root balls in the soil. Water the plants well.

Suitable planting partners: other woody plants with similar requirements for location and care. Such are, for example, the maple and dogwood. Suitable variety is, for example, “Red Star”. It reaches a maximum growth height of 180 cm and has attractive red berries.

Proper care is crucial for rapid growth

Mediterranean firethorn for wild hedge planting what to do


The shrub can easily thrive heat and can cope without watering in the summer. In regions with a mild climate and rainy garden season, you do not need to water the woody plant. During very long periods of heat, you can water the hedge plant as needed. Allow the soil to dry a bit before watering the rose plant.


So, you do not need to fertilize the soil regularly. It is completely sufficient if you provide the hedge plants with a slow-release fertilizer at the start of the gardening season.

Is pruning necessary?

Mediterranean plants for hedge firethorn is bird friendly

Pruning is not necessary. If you plant a wild hedge, then depending on your preference, you can trim the shrub once a year, after the flowers wither. The shrub can also tolerate topiary. To allow it to recover, this should be done 1-2 months before the end of the garden season. This will also help you avoid frost damage later. However, when doing this, try to remove as little as possible new shoots. After all, these will form flowers and bear abundant fruit next year.

The firethorn is a beautiful woody plant, which is mainly used as a screen and windbreak in the garden. It can also be grown in containers for the balcony or terrace. Its dense growth, snow-white flowers and red berries make it a real eye-catcher.