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Growing potatoes in the garden: With these simple tips for proper care you will harvest many tubers

If you grow potatoes in the garden, of course, you will be interested in what you should pay special attention to care. How often should you water the plants, do they need special fertilizer and are there any other important things that you should pay attention to? Today we have summarized for you some helpful tips on how to plant and care for potatoes. Especially if you are still a beginner in vegetable gardening, you can use them as a guide.

General information about potato care

Growing potatoes in the garden - when to harvest the tubers

Summer provides ideal conditions for the formation of fungal diseases , which, unfortunately, can affect even our carefully cared for vegetable plants. One of these diseases, to which potatoes are particularly susceptible, is late blight. It begins to develop on the leaves, then spreads to the stems and in the final stage even affects the potato tubers under the ground. The only preventive measure you can take is to preplant potato plants early (as early as the beginning of March). For this purpose, also choose potato varieties that ripen early. Then you can harvest them in time, even before disease can occur.

What else is important when you grow potatoes in the garden?

Have you heard about mounding the potato plants?

Growing potatoes in the garden - mounding for a bountiful harvest

As the term suggests, this step involves gathering the soil in which the potato plants are placed into a pile. This has a specific and very beneficial purpose: namely, as soon as the bare stem is surrounded by soil, new root systems form in these places, which will also bear tubers. Thus, the harvest will be richer. In the course of the growth phase, repeat this step a few times. How exactly to do this, you will learn in this article .

Fertilize without being stingy

Grow potatoes in the garden and fertilize properly with compost, manure and horn shavings

Fertilizer can hardly be given too much, if you want to grow potatoes in the garden. Ideally, provide the soil with compost and manure already in the fall of the previous year , after digging the soil . This way, all the important nutrients can get into the soil by planting time and take good care of the young plants right at the beginning. Throughout the growing season, continue to fertilize regularly, again using manure, or horn shavings or even organic tomato fertilizer. Whatever you choose, simply apply it directly to the soil surface around the plant.

Grow potatoes in the garden and water them properly.

  • How often. Unlike cucumbers and tomatoes, potato plants require much less water, so it is also extremely low maintenance in this regard. Nevertheless, you should avoid prolonged periods of drought and take care of the plants, watering once a week should be sufficient. This will guarantee you large potato tubers if you grow potatoes in your garden.
  • What water? Here, too, the plant is very tolerant. Both rainwater and normal tap water is suitable, as it tolerates lime well.
  • How to water properly? Damp leaves and stems should be avoided at all costs, as this can promote the formation of fungus, and potato plants are already quite susceptible to this anyway, as we have already mentioned. For this reason, when watering, be careful to water only the area of the base of the main stem. You can better control the water stream if you take a watering stick to help.

Check the potato plants for typical pests check

Grow potatoes in the garden and control Colorado potato beetle

Everyone has seen the Colorado potato beetle, if not before, then at least heard about him. He is the terror of anyone who wants to grow potatoes in the garden, and in principle can not be avoided. However, the damage will be limited if you check your plants regularly and react immediately as soon as you see a beetle – by simply disposing of it.

Remove pests by hand and check leaves for eggs

Then also examine the undersides of the leaves, because that is where the pests lay their eggs (they have a yellow color). It is now possible that some larvae have already hatched. You can recognize these voracious pests by their red-black color. Remove them, as well as the beetles, immediately.

Potato care tips - collect and dispose of potato beetle larvae

Tip: Cold weather makes these pests less active. Therefore, the morning is the ideal time to clean beetles. When collecting, be careful not to drop beetles that will later make themselves at home on your plants again. They have the characteristic in themselves to freeze when you feel threatened (maybe you know this from ladybugs), which makes you lose them quickly sometimes. You can prevent this by holding a container under the beetle before you try to pull it off.

Grow potatoes in the garden and store them properly after harvesting

Potato plants are tolerant to drought

The best part of growing potatoes in your garden is, of course, harvesting the tubers. When can you harvest potatoes? Once the plants turn yellow and start to shrink, the potato tubers are ready to be harvested. This usually takes about 3 months. Now, thanks to your good care, you have a rich harvest and, of course, you want to have something from these tubers for a long time. You are in luck, because they can be stored perfectly well and if you do it right, they will last quite a long time.

Store potatoes properly in the dark to avoid green spots

First, sort out all the damaged and rotten tubers, because they could infect the healthy ones. A temperature of 4 to 6 degrees is ideal for storing potatoes, also the place should be dark, because this way you avoid them to germinate early . Periodically look through the tubers and remove any that have begun to rot in the meantime.