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Grow chard: We give helpful tips on how to sow the healthy vegetable directly into the bed starting in June

Chard is a leafy green vegetable known for its nutritional value and is popular with gardeners because it is so easy to grow. It is a plant that you can plant again and again, it produces for quite some time and it is also cold resistant. If you want to grow chard, here’s everything you need to know. According to the planting calendar, you can sow many vegetables directly into the bed starting in June – chard is one of them. The vegetable is a wonderful addition to soups, dips and baked dishes. The taste is reminiscent of spinach and the stems come in a variety of colors – green, red, purple, yellow and more.

Why is the chard a healthy vegetable?

Why is chard a healthy vegetable?

Chard is a nutritious vegetable that is an excellent source of copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, and potassium, as well as vitamins A, C, and K. Although it belongs to the beet family, it is commonly associated with other leafy vegetables such as kale, lettuce or spinach. The most colorful varieties of chard contain anti-inflammatory substances. However, you also need to know that the vegetable contains oxalic acid, so you should only consume it in moderation if you are watching your oxalate intake for optimal kidney health.

How to grow and care for chard

Provide enough planting distance in the garden bed

How to properly grow and care for chard

Chard seeds often come in clusters of two to three seeds, so some thinning is probably necessary. Plant the seeds about 1 to 2 inches deep and 7 to 10 inches apart.

Planting out in the open

Plant out vegetables in the open ground in June

Some gardeners prefer to start germination indoors to control the humidity and temperature of the environment. When transplanting chard in early June, be careful not to damage the root ball. If you have seedlings, plant them 10 to 20 inches apart. You can always harvest young plants if it gets too crowded. When thinning, it’s best to cut the plants down instead of pulling them out so you don’t damage the roots of the remaining plants.

Find the right location in the garden

Find the best location in the garden for chard

Chard plants need full sun with light or partial shade to grow well. Choose a planting site that gets about six hours of sun per day.

Chard likes loamy soil

Grow chard - it likes loamy soil

Prepare the soil. Chard plants prefer well-drained, loamy soil with an average to slightly acidic pH between 6.0 and 7.0. If you don’t know if your soil is acidic or alkaline, you can do a soil test.

Water the vegetables appropriately

Water the vegetables in the garden appropriately

Keep the soil evenly moist, but not too wet. A layer of mulch around the plants can help keep moisture in the soil. Chard needs about five inches of water per week to thrive. If the soil feels too dry, add an inch to the watering schedule. If the weather is cooler in the spring, water the vegetables about once a week when it is not raining. Increase watering to two or even three times a week when air temperatures rise significantly.

Grow chard: Do not forget fertilizer

Grow chard - do not forget the fertilizer

A mid-season addition of compost or manure provides nutrients to the mangold plants. The organic and biological substances that live in the compost , activate the soil ingredients (fungi, bacteria and minerals), boost the immunity of your plants and extend the life of your crops. If you have poor soil, fertilize with an organic vegetable fertilizer, following the instructions on the label.

Grow chard: good companion plant.

Chard is a good companion plant for beans, onions, etc.

Swiss chard makes a good companion plant, meaning you can grow it near other vegetables such as beans, cauliflower and onions. Companion planting has many benefits, including better plant growth, pest control and maximizing garden space.

Control pests in the garden

Control chard pests in the garden

Chard is susceptible to pests such as blister beetles, aphids and leaf miners. Pests or insects that nibble on your vegetables are an inevitable part of caring for your own garden. It is best to use a natural remedy to control pests. You should be careful with pesticides because they can harm beneficial insects as well as animals that feed on them. Consult the experts at the garden center before making a purchase. To keep larger animals from eating your plants, enclose the garden with netting or fencing.

Growing chard – recognizing diseases.

Recognize diseases in chard

While it is not susceptible to disease, conditions such as over- or under-watering can make it vulnerable, resulting in damaged plant tissue and growth problems. Fungal diseases such as downy mildew, powdery mildew, seedling blight, root rot due to oversaturation of the soil (a condition attractive to slugs ) are well known in vegetables. Remove and discard any leaves damaged by animals, insects or disease.

Harvest the vegetables

Harvesting from the vegetables in the garden

Once chard is fully grown and its outer leaves are green and tender, it is ready to harvest. When your chard plants are about 10-20 inches tall, use a sharp tool such as garden shears to separate the older leaves from the plant. Do not harvest the entire plant – the young leaves take more time to grow and can be harvested later in the season.

Save the seed

Save the seeds

If you grow chard as an annual, your plants will not go to seed. However, if your plants overwinter and sprout again next spring, you can enjoy tiny green flowers that form seeds at the end of the growing season.