March marks the beginning of the gardening season and there is a lot to do. Fertilizing, sowing, planting and pruning: We explain what work needs to be done in the ornamental and vegetable garden in March.
Table of contents
- The garden in March: these works are coming up
- The kitchen garden in March: garden work at a glance
- Preparing the ornamental garden for spring in March
- Fertilize the lawn and then scarify
- What to plant on the balcony in March?
The garden in March: these works are coming up
For now: starting in March, radical pruning of woody plants is prohibited. Only maintenance cuts are allowed, as long as you first carefully check for breeding birds. But you may dethatch the lawn, remove frostbitten perennials, replant the flower and vegetable beds and, of course, fertilize the soil.
The kitchen garden in March: gardening at a glance
Grow, plant and fertilize: There’s a lot to do in the kitchen garden in March. Most vegetables in this country are pre-pulled in early to mid-March. However, there are also crops that can be planted in the vegetable garden right away.
Vegetables that need more time to germinate are grown in early March. Such are, for example, various types of peppers and chilies. Chard, celery and leeks can also be grown in advance. The right time for planting in the vegetable garden is the beginning of May.
The right time to advance broccoli is the end of March. The same applies to tomatoes, which are very sensitive to frost and should not be allowed outdoors until after the Ice Saints. Most types of lettuce are not pulled up on the windowsill until the end of March, when the weather is warm. You can also preplant herbs such as parsley and basil then.
Moving outside is possible in mid-April, when the lettuces and herbs are protected from night frost with fleece.
The garden in March: what vegetables to sow and plant?
Not all vegetables are frost sensitive. Pre-grown carrots, cauliflower and peas can go outdoors in March. You can also plant several varieties of early potatoes at the end of the month. Radishes, garden cress, turnips and parsnips can be sown directly into the vegetable patch as early as mid-March.
Harvest vegetables in March
In mild weather, vegetables such as chicory, parsnips and spinach can be harvested as early as late March. In the greenhouse, most kohlrabi varieties are ready for harvest in mid-March.
Prepare the ornamental garden for spring in March
There is also a lot to do in the ornamental garden in March. Many shrubs need a nurturing pruning so they can sprout full vigor. March is also the right time to replant the flower bed.
What flowers bloom in March?
In spring, numerous early blooming flowers emerge from the ground. Anemones, crocuses, daffodils, hyacinths and violets delight the eye with their bright colors.
Create the flower bed in March: What flowers can be planted?
March is the right time to create a flower bed. Primrose, gold star, pansies, larkspur, dahlias, tuberous begonias, pre-sprouted tulips: there are many flowers that can be planted in the flower bed in the spring.
The garden in March: cut rose bushes that bloom more often.
Rose bushes that bloom several times a year need maintenance pruning in the spring. Remove any dead, diseased or pest-infested plant parts. You can also thin out the plant a bit if needed. However, be careful not to cut back the shoots too much. After pruning, you can fertilize the plant.
If you missed pruning at the beginning of winter, you have a second chance to get your clematis in shape in March. Check thoroughly for nesting birds and thin out the climber. Such a nurturing pruning encourages blooming.
Fertilize the lawn and then scarify it
Late March – early April is also the right time to dethatch and fertilize the lawn. To ensure that scarifying promotes the renewed sprouting of grass blades, the lawn must first be fertilized. The rule of thumb is that the more nutrient-poor the soil, the earlier you need to fertilize. It is best to choose a warm, sunny day. In case of permafrost or bad weather, fertilizing can be postponed until April.
What to plant on the balcony in March?
The balcony garden also needs to be prepared for the coming spring. March is the time to repot rooted potted plants, cut back geraniums and shrub roses, and move houseplants back to the balcony, among other things.
In mid-March, dahlias, showy vines, hyacinths, daffodils and daffodils can be pre-pulled on the windowsill.
Sensitive exotics and perennial flowers remain indoors for now and move to the balcony only after the Ice Saints.
Cleaning the garden pond in spring
The garden pond is traditionally cleaned in mid-March, and the water is changed partially or completely. If there are fish in the pond, it is best to siphon off a fifth of the old water and refill with fresh water. At the end, the water temperature and pH is measured.
In March there is a lot to do in the garden and on the balcony. Planting, sowing, pruning woody plants and dethatching the lawn are among the tasks that the amateur gardener should still do in the spring.