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Care for roses in autumn: with these useful tips you make the flowers winterproof

Roses are among the most popular garden plants in the home garden. However, in order for the queen of flowers to survive the winter without any problems, proper care in the fall is crucial. We explain which gardening tasks are due and provide useful tips on rose care in the fall.

Rose care in autumn: pruning or waiting until spring?

Pruning roses in autumn yes or no

For now: roses can and are pruned in both fall and spring. However, the flowers are cut back hard in the spring. In the fall, on the other hand, they are only brought into the desired shape by light pruning. Too much pruning could result in frost damage, and in the worst case, the whole plant will die.

How far do you cut roses in autumn?

  • Too long shoots are shortened a little. Cut off only 8 cm from the tips.
  • Dead or sickly shoots are removed.
  • In the case of shrub roses, shoots that grow inwards are also removed. Always try to thin out the rose so that all shoots and leaves can be well aired.
  • Withered or even buds you can also cut off from mid-September.
  • Varieties that bloom only once a year are usually considered particularly hardy. Therefore, they tolerate thinning or topiary in the fall.

Transplant old roses in autumn

Roses transplant in autumn what to consider

If your roses are no longer comfortable in their old location, early fall is a good time to transplant. You can also plant new roses, there is still time until November when the permafrost settles in. The new container plants can be planted out until mid-October at the latest, and then they still have time to recover and adapt to the new location.

Our tip: The grafting point on the shoots should be at least 3 mm deep in the soil.

Spraying roses against pests

In the fall, the rule is: check the rose bushes for signs of attack and, if necessary, spray them again vigorously with a protective agent. Fungal diseases should also be treated in a similar way and the germs should be combated. Control of pests and diseases is especially important in the fall. Often roses are attacked by fungi. Then only one thing helps: cut off the diseased parts of the plant and dispose of them with household waste. Spray the plant with fungicides.

Prepare the bed for winter

Roses mulching in autumn st protect from frost

The garden soil also wants to be prepared for the coming winter. For this purpose, first remove weeds, and then lay a 5 mm layer of mulch. It is best to use bark mulch or even better spruce brushwood for this purpose. The mulch layer performs two functions: First, it protects the roots from frost, and secondly, it suppresses the growth of weeds and, accordingly, prevents root competition.

Find suitable winter protection depending on the type of rose

Shrub roses with winter protection useful tips for care

Good preparation for the coming winter involves various protective measures, depending on the variety. Some types of roses need to be cut back, others need frost protection. And there are those that also require the above-ground parts of the plant to be wrapped in foil.

Winterize shrub roses: Fleece as frost protection

The underground parts of the plant are protected from frost by the layer of soil and mulch. But the above-ground parts of the plant must first be protected from frost, snow, rain and strong winds with a covering.

Use jute or special transparent, air-permeable fleece to winterize the plants. Use jute tape to secure the winter protection at the bottom of the skin shoot.

Bush roses: additional layer of soil protects the root system.

Bush roses need additional frost protection for the roots. A 10 cm layer of soil and then another 5 cm of mulch can keep the delicate root system warm.

Wrap potted roses with fleece

Potted plants are particularly sensitive. Because the volume of soil in the pot is much less than in the bed, even otherwise hardy varieties can freeze to death. Therefore, on the one hand, wrap the pot, and on the other hand, the rose itself with fleece. Place the pot near a house wall – it provides wind protection and gives warmth in winter. Lay out a thick layer of coniferous twigs on top of the soil and place the pot on a polystyrene board.

Stem roses also need winter protection

Winterize roses instructions

Stem roses in tubs are moved to winter quarters in the fall. In the garden, the rose can survive the cold season only if it is placed on a Styrofoam plate and wrapped with fleece. The crown also needs the special winter protection . In addition, you should put it in a place protected from the wind in the garden.

Rose care in autumn: watering and fertilizing.

Watering: Never let the soil dry out

An important part of care in the fall is to water and fertilize the roses. As for watering, you should only water the roses as needed. If there is a permafrost, you can temporarily stop watering. Otherwise, let the soil dry out, do the finger test and only then water the plants.

Stop fertilizing in autumn

As a rule, all fertilizer applications are discontinued in the fall. The roses will either not take the nutrients or, if the fall is warm, will resprout. However, young shoots are not frost resistant and will freeze very quickly.

The nutrients in the soil can also encourage the resprouting of weeds.