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Garden in summer: what to do in the vegetable garden in July? What to plant, fertilize, water, harvest?

Do you want to use your garden space more efficiently? Are you wondering what you can plant in the garden in July? There are also some cultivation options in the summer. However, nowwe need to pay closer attention to the need for watering compared to the conditions in the spring. In addition, at this time there are a number of ripe vegetables that should be harvested. What all is there to do in the vegetable garden in July? We’ll get into that below!

What to plant in the garden in July

Garden in summer - what to do in the vegetable garden in July.

Our gardens have given us back a lot after months of tending. We have harvested lettuce, spinach, peas and onions. The first potatoes are dug up, and we just harvested the garlic and hung it to dry. Now we are facing some bare spots, and the first frost is still at least three months away. We need to do a ‘second planting’, which is known as succession planting. When one crop finishes, we start another crop. But what can we plant in midsummer in this heat? Actually, there are quite a few options! The soil has already warmed up in the summer, as have the daytime and nighttime air temperatures.

After you have already provided for the first harvest, the soil must be enriched with compost

This may mean that we need to plant the seeds about twice deeper to keep them from drying out. It also means that our seeds will probably germinate faster if they are kept moist. Remember that most seeds will not germinate at soil temperatures above 32 degrees Fahrenheit.  We may need to shade an area or plant behind a trellis to find a cool area. Using straw mulch is another way to protect the soil from direct sunlight. Plants have less time to grow now, so we need to look for plants that will mature faster. After you have already provided the first crop, the soil must be enriched with compost or leaf mold.

What to do in the vegetable garden in July - It is also possible in the summer to sow corn

  • Sow bush beans, pole beans and lima beans in July . These plants like the heat and are a good choice. Beans are easy to freeze or can for winter. You can try sowing different varieties every 7-10 days this month for a continuous harvest in late summer and fall.
  • Corn can also be a good choice. If planting corn now, look for an early maturing variety that will be ready in 70-80 days. Corn loves the heat, but it also needs evenly moist soil.
  • Vegetable garden in July: plant cucumbers and pumpkins. You need to have room to grow the vines. With many of these plants, you can also look for shrub varieties, although some think shrub varieties don’t taste quite as good. Try one and see for yourself.
  • Let’s not forget herbs. Basil, cilantro and dill are three good choices. If your first basil planting has wilted, a stalk can be easily rooted in water and planted out in July.

Sow parsley in July in a sheltered place


  • Sow parsley now in a protected location. This way you will have a supply of fresh parsley during the winter months. Sow the seeds 15 mm deep. Don’t despair if nothing seems to happen – parsley germinates slowly and it can take six weeks for seedlings to appear. When the cold weather comes, protect the seedlings with cloches.
  • Plants from the cabbage family (Brassica). Cabbage, broccoli, collard greens – and other vegetables such as chard, escarole and radicchio can be planted in the next few weeks for a great harvest in late fall. Most vegetables in the brassica family can tolerate light frosts and even taste better when sown later in the season.

What needs fertilizer and watering in the heat of summer.

Tomatoes, whether outdoors or in containers, need to be fertilized now with a tomato fertilizer

Tomatoes, whether grown outdoors or in containers, need to be fertilized now with a tomato fertilizer . An even water supply is also critical, especially for tomatoes growing in tubs. An uneven water supply will result in burst fruit, so put this at the top of your watering list. Tall growing tomato varieties should be supported and the small side shoots where the petiole joins the main stem should be cut out. Once the plant has formed six flower clusters, cut off the main shoot tip two or three leaves above the top flower cluster. If the plant were allowed to continue growing, more flower clusters would be formed, but it would not have a chance to mature or even fail before the onset of the cold season. Tomatoes grown in greenhouses need the same attention, but be sure to provide adequate ventilation and shade, as well as sufficient water and liquid fertilizer.

In the heat of summer watering is the real trick to get good cucumbers


In the heat of summer, watering is the real trick to getting good cucumbers. We recommend watering once a day in the morning if temperatures are above 32 degrees Celsius, or every other day if temperatures are below 32 degrees Celsius.

All legumes (beans) need a constant water supply in hot and dry weather, which can be supplemented by mulching. Also water the lettuce plants well when the weather requires it, otherwise lettuce, radishes and spinach may shoot (go to seed).

What can be harvested in the vegetable garden in July.

Young beet, turnips, tender carrots and kohlrabi can be harvested in the vegetable garden in July

  • Young beet, turnips, tender carrots and kohlrabi. They should be ready to harvest. Pick only as much as you need to make sure the vegetables taste fresh from the garden. Toward the end of the month, you may already be able to pick the first
  • Runner beans as well as some broad beans. For the flowers to successfully pollinate, the weather needs to be warm, which in turn will stimulate the insects that pollinate the flowers. Cut off the shoot tips of pole beans as soon as they reach the top of their supports.
  • Dry shallots in the sun. Once the leaves of the shallots turn yellow, carefully lift them out and let them dry in the sun. When they are completely dry, rub them to remove any remaining soil particles or loose outer skin. Save some of the best small bulbs to plant next spring, and store the rest in a cool, airy place until ready to use.
  • Garlic and onions you planted in the fall. They should also be ripe in July and should receive the same treatment.

Continue to harvest herbs in July, such as mint, oregano, rosemary, thyme, savory, basil

  • Digging winter celery can begin in July. Fill the trenches with a layer of soil 10 cm thick, first wrapping the young plants with protective covers made of paper, so that the soil does not penetrate into the hearts. Continue mounding at two-week intervals.
  • Artichokes should be ready to harvest at this time. The best time to cut them is when the leaf scales open, but if you leave them too long they will turn into inedible but attractive flowers. If you harvest the artichokes at the ends of the main stems first, smaller but still edible artichokes will form further down the stem.
  • Harvest the beloved herbs. Continue to harvest herbs such as mint, oregano, rosemary, thyme, savory, basil, parsley, cilantro, chervil, fennel and bay leaf in July. You can dry the herbs or freeze them, depending on your needs.