Early summer flowering shrubs can be pruned this month to keep them strong and blooming well. Which shrubs do you prune in July? Below we provide practical tips for summer pruning of shrubs in the garden-as well as fruit-bearing, and flowering.
Table of contents
- Cutting fruit-bearing shrubs in the summer
- Pruning flowering shrubs in summer
Pruning fruiting shrubs in summer
Summer pruning should be applied to fruit-bearing shrubs, such as berries, so that the quantity and quality of the fruit is affected. If you do not prune them, the harvest will be more and more puny – too much old, unproductive wood!
When to prune summer raspberries.
The rules for pruning summer-fruiting raspberries are not complicated. As soon as the shoots bear fruit, they die, so you can prune them back immediately after harvest. However, pruning is complicated by the fact that already during fruiting on biennial canes, new canes grow. The trick to pruning is to distinguish between the two types of canes. All summer-bearing shoots with berries are biennial shoots and should be cut out near the ground after harvest. However, to get a good harvest, you also need to thin out the annual shoots. When you cut back the one-year-old canes of summer raspberries, remove the smallest and weakest ones first. The next step is to shorten the remaining shoots. Remember that the tip of the shoot is where most of the fruit buds are, so only cut off the tip. You will get more berries if you also cut out the first wave of new shoots in the spring. Cut them out when they are about 15 cm high.
Summer pruning of red currants
Cut out a selection of the oldest wood as close to the base as possible. If many new shoots develop from the older wood, you have a choice. (These new shoots will bear fruit next summer.) Either prune the older branch back to an outward-growing new shoot, or leave the branch for another year and cut all the shoots back by one-third, or remove it at the base if it is putting too much stress on the bush. Either of these options is fine – just decide on the one you like best. Shorten all branches and shoots by about a third and cut them back to an outward-facing bud. This will stimulate the fruiting branches – for more growth in the summer.
Pruning blackberry bushes in July
Along with adequate watering of blackberries, pruning is one of the most important requirements for successful blackberry production. The timing of pruning and the way you do it are crucial. However, it is not complicated, so see for yourself. In the first year, as a rule, you do not need to prune blackberries. Only when the new canes (called primaries) are about 90 to 120 cm tall, you should cut the tips of the new canes to increase productivity by encouraging lateral branching. Cut the tips of the new primaries at about breast height.
Every year, after your blackberry bushes have borne berries, and immediately after harvesting, you must cut these bushes (called floricanes) back to the ground. These canes will not bear any more berries, so don’t worry about cutting them down. Blackberries bear the most berries in mid-summer. So, depending on the blackberry variety, you may need to prune in June or July.
How to prune gooseberries
From early June to mid-July, prune all young side shoots to five leaves and tie the growing tip to the cane as it spreads. It is best to prune gooseberry bushes just before the end of dormancy so that they can quickly resprout with vigorous new shoots in the spring. For gooseberry bushes, it is advisable to delay pruning until the buds begin to open.
Pruning flowering shrubs in summer
Every gardener is pleased with lush flowering plants. To this end, you need to know when and how to prune your flowering shrubs so that they can bloom profusely and decorate your garden for a long time.
Prune out roses after they have finished blooming
Now that roses are in full bloom, all rose varieties benefit from regular pruning as the blooms fade throughout the month. Remove any damaged leaves. This will remove disease and pests from your rose. Cut out any dead wood. If the stems are dry and brown, they are dead; if they are green, they are alive. Cut the dead wood back to the base so the live branches can continue to grow. Open up the center of the plant. Ideally, the branches should extend upward in a vase shape and have an open structure. Remove weak growth. A simple rule is to remove anything thinner than a pencil. These thin shoots will not produce anything viable and tend to prevent the rest of the rose bush from reaching its full potential. Seal the cut shoots. Sealing freshly cut shoots with a pruning product will protect your rose bush from rot.
Summer pruning for hydrangeas
As a rule, you should prune flowering shrubs in the summer. Hydrangea pruning should be done immediately after the end of the blooming season, but no later than August 1. Do not prune the hydrangea in the fall, winter or spring, as you may cut off new buds. Pruning the branches at the time of leaf sprouting in the spring may result in several smaller flower heads forming, rather than fewer large flower heads.
Prune rockrose in the summer season.
Prune rock roses back slightly after flowering to encourage a neat habit and bushy growth. If they become too leggy and unruly, you can lightly prune back the entire plant with pruning shears after flowering. Fertilize and water well to encourage new shoots and, with luck, a second flush of blooms toward the end of the season.