Even during the autumn season, nature offers a wide range of flowering beauties, with which you can now decorate the garden. However, you should not wait too long, because the plants still need enough time until the ground freezes to form the roots well. When should you plant the perennials? Early autumn is therefore the best time. We would like to give you a few tips that should be of use to you when planting a perennial bed in the fall.
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Why the autumn season is so perfect
Especially for perennials that bloom in spring , now is just the right time for planting. The reason for this is that the soil is still nice and warm after the long hot summer, which helps the roots to establish themselves in the new location. In spring, on the other hand, it hasn’t warmed up yet after the winter. While this doesn’t stop the plants from doing well, it does make it harder for them and takes a little more time.
Is the frost not dangerous?
Frost will not cause your perennials to die. Only the above-ground parts of the plant will die, while the roots will continue to grow until the ground freezes.
Planting perennial beds in the fall – Here’s the best way to go about it.
Proper preparation and planning are important to ensure that perennial plants can quickly acclimate to their new space and that you are also completely satisfied with your plant selection. Here are a few important steps and tips:
Prepare the bed
Loosen the soil where you are planting the perennial bed in the fall. This not only aerates it, but also makes it easier to remove weeds and old roots. Then work in compost (30 to 50 liters per m²) to boost it with nutrients and rake it smooth. Now the bed is ready to be planted.
Create a planting plan
Think about how you want to design the bed. What plants and colors and how many rows would you like. You could create and plan a planting plan beforehand for the perennial bed, or you could just prepare the bed and put in the pots you’ve chosen before planting them. This way you can swap back and forth until you get the arrangement you want.
Do you want to create a bee-friendly perennial bed? Then choose the flowers accordingly as well. Or how about combining only native perennials? You are spoiled for choice , so planning is important. Also consider the location, because not every perennial likes full sun, for example. It will be easier for you to find the right combination if you choose perennials that are in bloom. This is because you will have a direct overview of the flower colors, making it easier to combine them.
If you create in wider perennial bed in the fall, it is recommended to create several rows. And then you should also consider the height of the selected plants. For example, on a wall, the tallest should be at the very back and gradually lower towards the front. In a freestanding bed, such as a round one, the tall perennials will again be in the center, while the others will be arranged in a circle and will also get lower toward the front.
The care after you create the perennial bed in the fall.
After planting, spread organic fertilizer . You can contain weeds or even avoid them altogether if you add a layer of mulch at the end. Another advantage is that moisture is better stored in this way and this is important so that the plant can establish itself well. The soil must not dry out under any circumstances.
Now that the major periods of heat are over, frequent watering is no longer necessary (another advantage of autumn planting). Once a week, when there is no rain, should be enough.
Tip: Dip the selected plants in water before planting to allow the roots to soak.
Perennial bed examples
Let your imagination run wild and create interesting arrangements and combos . Here are a few ideas:
- Create groups in the perennial bed in the fall: choose three plants of the same variety and color and put them together in groups. For example, combine three anemones in one spot, delphiniums in another, and chrysanthemums elsewhere.
- Add texture: combine perennial plants with ornamental grasses for added interesting texture. You can also achieve this with special perennial species like fat hen, which has a different leaf shape from native ones.
- One variety, several colors: Some perennials represent several colors with their flowers. You can also use this to create beautiful compositions. For example, alternate two colors in a row or plant a group of three with three different colors.
- Combine in rows: As mentioned earlier, plant the tallest perennials in the back and the lowest in the very front. Between these two rows, add medium-high varieties. In this way, you guarantee that no flowers will be covered by others and will remain highly visible (and, of course, get enough sunlight)