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How to create a thriving balcony garden with proper plant care in the city

If you live in a city and want to create your patio or balcony garden, there are some important factors to consider. For most city dwellers, this is an easy way to bring more greenery into their homes. However, since open space is usually limited, you should design and maintain your mini garden with lush potted plants and blooming flowers in a specific way. So before you roll up your sleeves, you can find useful information about gardening in a city apartment here.

How to design and easily maintain a balcony garden

design sunny balcony garden and use eco-friendly materials like bamboo for it

Before you plan the design of your balcony garden , you should first find out how many hours of sunlight your balcony gets in a day. Also, observe if the entire area has the same amount of sunlight during the day or if there are some parts that are sunnier than others. This information will help you decide where to place the pots, as some plants need more sunlight to thrive while others prefer more shade. It is best to find out which plants of your choice are suitable for the conditions of your balcony and the city climate.

suitable light conditions for various plant varieties on balconies in city apartments

When choosing balcony plants, consider how tall they will be when fully grown. You don’t want one plant monopolizing most of the space and sunlight while the smaller ones fight for attention. While you’re at it, match up plant varieties that require similar amounts of light and moisture. Choose flower pots and planters that match the size of your plants. It is better to start with containers that can accommodate your plants until they are fully grown.

stylish design of a balcony in the city

Opt for planters made of porous materials like terracotta, as they offer better drainage. Even if you use planters made of other materials, make sure they have holes at the bottom for drainage. Placing a pot on a trivet will ensure that no water runs onto the balcony floor.

Adjust watering and plant care to weather conditions

excessive watering of potted plants on the terrace


In addition to sunlight, of course, your plants need the right amount of water. Accordingly, water potted plants according to their individual needs. When the first inch of soil is dry, your plant needs watering. If it is windy or too sunny, water your plants daily, as potting soil tends to dry out quickly in such weather conditions. Check the moisture of the soil to know if you need to water a plant. For potted plants, there are special types of soil that are better suited for city climate conditions. These have a better balance between drainage and moisture retention capacity. In addition, city air affects plants differently, which is why soil care is an important factor when designing your balcony garden.

The right choice of plant varieties

beautifully furnished balcony with mini garden in wooden planters

It is better to grow your balcony or patio garden with three or four annual and perennial plant varieties. Those that complete their life cycle in one growing season are called annuals. The flowers of these varieties bloom faster and stay in full bloom longer. So if you want an abundance of flowers, you can get more annuals, although you will have to plant new ones every year. So find out which species is best for your city’s climate and seasons. Perennials live a few years after they’re fully grown. While they may seem to die off during the winter or dormant season, plants are still alive and will grow back the following spring or growing season. Unlike annuals, the flowers of perennials bloom for only a short time.

inviting and romantic atmosphere on the balcony with flower boxes and garden furniture


While annuals give you the opportunity to change the look of your balcony garden over and over again, perennials can form the basic structure garden design. Therefore, it is best to include evergreen plants in your garden. These will remain green and leafy throughout the year, so your balcony garden can look permanently fresh and well-kept. Regularly check for the presence of pests and diseases so you can identify the problem as soon as it occurs.

Design and make the most of the space on the balcony garden.

design planters in balcony garden through practical use of space

If you feel you have little space on the floor of your patio or balcony, there are a few ways to design space. For example, you can find a lot of space in height, where you could create a vertical balcony garden to match. To do this, hang shelves on the walls and railings to fill them with pots overflowing with green plants or flowers.

recycle old furnishings and design as garden furniture in balcony garden

A lot of old furnishings can be used for this purpose. A vertical garden and its unusual props will create a unique little landscape, just to your taste. In the process, you can also use tiered holders of different designs to accommodate more plants in a limited space.

how to design a balcony garden and turn it into reading corner

Just like rooms, a patio garden needs the right accessories. A few colorful pieces will bring variety and a touch of whimsy to your balcony. All you need are a few chairs and a small tea table to turn it into a relaxing seating area with plantings. If you have enough space, you can also set up a wicker sofa and you’ll have an outdoor reading nook. Also, add a few strategically placed lights to create a cozy atmosphere outside in the evening.

More gardening tips and mistakes to avoid

too many flower pots placed next to each other on the terrace

Don’t crowd too many pots together in a limited space. If they’re too close together, plants won’t grow as they should because they won’t get enough light and water. It could also make the balcony look messy. Also, try not to change the position of a plant if it is growing well. The fact that it is thriving in that spot means that this area is best for the plant.

practical and cozy garden design with gravel and wood on the terrace

Also, keep in mind the potting soil and don’t let it dry out. Laying down pebbles and gravel can help prevent evaporation. Another good way to maintain moisture levels is to mulch the soil. Don’t let your plant stay in the pot if you see it growing beyond its size. You’ll know it’s time to transplant your plant to a larger container when it stops growing and when the roots start coming out of the drainage hole in the pot.

proper plant care for plants on the balcony

Do not drench the plants with excessive water. The roots tend to rot in the soggy soil. Instead, use less water twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening. This gives the roots more time to absorb the water, since no harsh sunlight will dry out the soil. Don’t water your plants too quickly with too much water. It’s best to use a small watering can for this, as it allows water to spread out better and cover a larger area with a gentle shower, while a stream of water from a pipe washes away soil and exposes roots. While you’re at it, don’t neglect dead leaves and worn flowers. Keep an eye out for them and remove them immediately to keep your plants looking well-groomed. Leaving dead leaves on the ground also increases the risk of disease or insect infestation.