Skip to content

Diastolic hypertension: recognize causes and symptoms when lower blood pressure becomes too high

When it comes to diastolic hypertension, the so-called “lower” blood pressure value is elevated. It is important to know the symptoms and the cause in order to minimize any health risks. In addition, there are some lifestyle changes and dietary changes that can make this condition milder. In this article, you will find important information and possible therapies that can help you manage such a health problem.

What systolic and diastolic hypertension mean and how they progress

regular control of blood pressure with a blood pressure monitor at home

When examining blood pressure readings, there are two of them. The first or “top” is systolic blood pressure, while the second or “bottom” is diastolic blood pressure. Knowing both is important and can sometimes save lives. When the heart beats, it pumps blood through the arteries to the rest of the body. This force creates pressure on the blood vessels, which is what makes up systolic blood pressure. The normal value should be below 120, and above 120-129 is considered high blood pressure. The first stage of hypertension starts at 130-139, and hypertension stage 2 is over 140 or more. In a hypertensive crisis, readings have risen above 180.

medical device shows abnormal blood pressure values and diastolic hypertension

The diastolic reading, if in blood pressure lower number is too high, it is about diastolic hypertension. The lower number is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is resting between beats. This is the time when the heart is filling with blood and receiving oxygen. The diastolic blood pressure number is less than 80 when normal. If diastolic hypertension is stage 1, the numbers are 80-89, and 90 or more for stage 2. If you have a lower level hypertensive crisis, the number is 120 or more. Even if your diastolic reading is normal (below 80), you may have elevated blood pressure if the systolic reading is 120-129.

Symptoms of diastole and their relief

young woman in the pharmacy gets her blood pressure measured

Hypertension is often called the silent killer because people with high blood pressure often have no symptoms. Many people discover they have hypertension during a routine physical exam at the doctor’s office. Symptoms of high blood pressure often don’t appear until the condition has become severe. They can include headaches, shortness of breath and nosebleeds. If you have normal blood pressure, your blood pressure is below 120/80. It’s best to stick to an active lifestyle and a healthy diet to maintain this level. Is your blood pressure above the normal range, both systolic and diastolic? Your doctor will want to have more than one blood pressure measurement before diagnosing high blood pressure.

medical examination at the doctor with measurement of blood pressure

Treatments include lifestyle changes and, if that’s not enough, possibly medications. There are many things you can do to lower your blood pressure overall before taking blood pressure medications. However, if you only have high diastolic blood pressure, you cannot target it alone. You need to work closely with your doctor to address diastolic hypertension without letting your blood pressure drop below 60 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). This is because too low diastolic blood pressure can lead to heart damage and increase your risk for heart disease. Read on to learn some of the many ways you can lower your blood pressure.

Eat heart-healthy foods

getting omega 3 fatty acids from food sources like fish and nuts

Foods that are an essential part of a heart-healthy diet include vegetables such as spinach, broccoli and carrots. Among fruits, apples, oranges and bananas are recommended. Fish, and especially those types of fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, can also counteract high blood pressure. In addition, lean beef or pork is a better alternative to fatty protein sources such as bacon, etc. Also, try eating chicken or turkey without the skin. Eggs and fat-free or low-fat dairy products such as cheese and yogurt are also recommended for high blood pressure, he said. As for grains, whole grain products such as brown rice and whole wheat bread, as well as nuts and beans are better food sources against diastolic hypertension.

Make lifestyle changes to combat diastolic hypertension

dash diet and intermittent fasting as measures against diastolic hypertension

Limit saturated and trans fats. Try not to eat foods that are high in saturated fats or trans fats. Examples include fast food and frozen foods. Instead, try to focus on eating healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats found in things like avocados, olive or canola oil, and nuts. Also reduce the consumption of sodium (salt) in your diet. It can raise blood pressure, so limit your intake to 1,500 milligrams or less per day. Eat more potassium, as it can actually counteract high blood pressure. Try increasing your consumption of potassium-rich foods like bananas, spinach and tomatoes.

quit smoking and improve heart health

Skip the caffeine, as it is a stimulant that can increase blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, try to limit your coffee consumption, especially before activities that can raise blood pressure, such as exercising. In addition, reduce your alcohol intake. Excessive alcohol consumption negatively affects blood vessels and raises blood pressure, which is why you should enjoy it in moderation if you have high blood pressure. This means two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women. In addition, foods with added sugar can add calories to your diet that you don’t need. Avoid sweetened drinks that contain sugar or sweeteners, such as soft drinks, cakes, and candies.

Possible dietary changes and exercises

healthy vegetables against diastolic hypertension and high blood pressure lower value too high

Switch to dark chocolate, which can slightly lower blood pressure. Therefore, if you normally eat a lot of chocolate, choose dark chocolate over other types and make sure it contains at least 70 percent cocoa. Also, try the DASH diet plan. Such a change in diet can help you practice a heart-healthy diet. Accordingly, following the DASH diet will help lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Also, be sure to check food labels. Sometimes you can consume products with too many calories, sodium or fat without knowing it. You can avoid this by reading food labels carefully and noting things like calories per serving, sodium and fat content.

healthy diet and exercise to lose weight and against diastolic hypertension

Losing a little weight can also do a lot to lower blood pressure and prevent diastolic hypertension. In fact, you can lower your blood pressure by about 1 mmHg for every pound you lose. A larger waistline can put you at higher risk for heart disease. To reduce their risk, men should generally aim to keep their waistline under 1 meter. Women should try for less than 90 inches. Aerobic activities and exercises can not only help you lose weight, but also lower your blood pressure. So aim for 30 minutes of aerobic exercise most days of the week.

Examples of active and healthy lifestyle

active lifestyle and sport in middle age against heart disease

At least 30 minutes a day of walking, running or jogging can significantly improve blood pressure levels. Sports activities that help also include cycling and swimming. Furthermore, you should try to reduce stress as it is another thing that can increase your blood pressure. Try to avoid doing things that trigger stress. Practicing activities like meditation or deep breathing can also help reduce stress. If you are also a smoker, you should quit. The nicotine in cigarettes is a stimulant that can raise your blood pressure. It can also cause injury to the walls of your blood vessels. Quitting smoking is not only good for your overall health, but it can also help lower your blood pressure.

possible treatment of hypertension and heart disease with medication

Also try dietary supplements. Although more research may be needed, some studies show that these can help lower blood pressure. Taking probiotics regularly is also quite important. These are beneficial bacteria that stimulate your digestion. You can even try acupuncture as well. Traditional Chinese acupuncture can help lower blood pressure. However, this effect may disappear after you stop acupuncture treatment.

measure your own blood pressure at home with a digital device

Monitoring your blood pressure at home not only helps you know if your treatment is working, but it can also alert you if your high blood pressure is getting worse. Your doctor may prescribe medicines to lower your blood pressure. Common blood pressure medications include diuretics, ACE inhibitors, alpha blockers, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, central agonists, vasodilators, and combination medications.